Psychology G544: Assumptions

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1. What is the psychodynamic perspective's assumption?

  • people are born as blank slates and all behaviours shaped and influence by enviro
  • behaviour as adults rooted in early childhood experiences (relationships with other people particularly parents) - behaviour driven by unconscious process - make unconscious, conscious
  • study interactions with other people and how they have a direct effect on how we behave - presence of others seen as major determinant in our responses and actions
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2. What is the behaviourist perspectives assumption?

  • research should focus on the individual to look at differences between people to help understand aspects of behaviour such as abnormality - shouldn't study groups and generalise
  • people are born as blank slates and all behaviours shaped and influence by enviro
  • believe that our thoughts, behaviour and capabilities will change overtime - brought about by biological and environmental factors or combo of two

3. What is the physiological approach's assumption?

  • all behaviours stem from biological cause - may be brain, genetic or chemicals - behaviour controlled by part of brain, damage to the structure may result in dysfunctional behaviour
  • behaviour stems from biological cause - may be genetic or chemicals - behaviours controlled by certain part of brain - any damage to structure will result in dysfunctional behaviour
  • behaviour as adults rooted in early childhood experiences (relationships with other people particularly parents) - behaviour driven by unconscious process - make unconscious, conscious

4. What is the social approach's assumption?

  • interested in internal processes that cannot be observed - focuses on the mind, perception, memory and thinking - behaviour result of info processing
  • study interactions with other people and how they have a direct effect on how we behave - presence of others seen as major determinant in our responses and actions
  • believe that our thoughts, behaviour and capabilities will change overtime - brought about by biological and environmental factors or combo of two

5. What is the individual differences approach's assumption?

  • behaviour stems from biological cause - may be genetic or chemicals - behaviours controlled by certain part of brain - any damage to structure will result in dysfunctional behaviour
  • research should focus on the individual to look at differences between people to help understand aspects of behaviour such as abnormality - shouldn't study groups and generalise
  • interested in internal processes that cannot be observed - focuses on the mind, perception, memory and thinking - behaviour result of info processing

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