Psychology - Forensics

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What are the two problems in defining crime?
Cultural Issues, Historical Issues
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How many ways are there of measuring crime? Name them.
3 - Official statistics, victim surveys and offender surveys
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Define 'Crime'
An act committed in violation of the law where the consequence of conviction by a court is punishment, especially where the punishment is a serious one such as imprisonment.
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Define Official Statistics
Figures based on the number of crimes that are reported and recorded by the police which are often used by the government to inform crime prevention strategies
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Define Victim Surveys
A questionnaire that asks a sample of people which crimes have been committed against them over a fixed period of time and whether or not they have reported to the police.
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Define Offender Surveys
A self report measure that requires people to record the number and types or crime they have committed over a specified period.
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What is meant by Cultural Issues?
What is considered a crime in one culture may not be judges as a crime in another. Therefore crimes cannot be generalised to all cultures. For example, polygamy is illegal in the UK but in other countries, it may be legal to have more than one wife.
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What is meant by Historical Issues?
Definitions of crime chance over time, so what was once legal may become illegal in the present time. E.g. smacking your child was legal before the Children's act in 2004 where it became illegal to smack a child.
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What is Offender Profiling?
A behavioural and analytical tool that is intended to help investigators accurately predict and profile the characteristics of unknown criminals.
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Define the Top - Down Approach
Profilers start with a pre - established typology and work down in order to assign offenders to one of two categories based on witness accounts and evidence from the crime scene.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

3 - Official statistics, victim surveys and offender surveys

Back

How many ways are there of measuring crime? Name them.

Card 3

Front

An act committed in violation of the law where the consequence of conviction by a court is punishment, especially where the punishment is a serious one such as imprisonment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Figures based on the number of crimes that are reported and recorded by the police which are often used by the government to inform crime prevention strategies

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A questionnaire that asks a sample of people which crimes have been committed against them over a fixed period of time and whether or not they have reported to the police.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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