Psychology - Forensic Psychology

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1. Which of these statements does not describe Pennington and Hastie (1988) study that supports the claim that story order has the most powerful influence when persuading a jury?

  • If the evidence was presented chronologically, this was described as 'story order', whereas if the order in was based on who the best witnesses were (presenting either first (primacy effect) or last (receny effect))this was described as witness order
  • When the driver had no insurance, jurors awarded the V average of $33,000, when he said he did have insurance this increased to an average of $37,000. This suggests that jurors are prepared to make larger awards to V's when an insurance company pay.
  • There were four conditions to this experiment based around the order in which the prosecution or defence presented their 39 pieces of evidence.
  • The study comprised a hour-long experiment with participants listening to a tape recording of the stimulus trail (Commonwealth of Massachusetts versus Caldwell) and the responding to questions.
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Other questions in this quiz

2. sample used in Bowlby's (1944) study on disrupted families as a reason for turning to crime

  • 58 boys from Chicago, of working and middle class, aged 7,10,13 and 16 years old.
  • opportunity sample. 44 juvenile thieves, 44 control group referred to the clinic due to emotional problems but no crime committed.
  • 716 young people randomly selected from all young people entering year 7 in Peterborough in 2002. Ethinically representative, evenly spilt gender and a wide range of socioeconomic classes.

3. Which of these in NOT one of the 5 methods used in Frowd's study (2005b) on recognising and recreating while using efit for making a case

  • EVO-Fit
  • Sketch artist
  • M-faces
  • FACES
  • PRO-Fit
  • E-Fit

4. Name of the study for Learning from others as a reason for turning to crime

  • Sutherland(1947)
  • Bowlby (1944)
  • Wikstroem (2002)

5. Which of these statements did not occur in Asch (1956) study on majority influence ?

  • After listening to the facts the P's were made an individual verdict. They were then taken to a rooms with a table which had four seats at the sides and one at the top.
  • P's seated around a table in a room and asked to look at 3 lines of different lengths. Then asked in turn which of the three lines was the same length as the 'standard' line.
  • The p's were shown a series of lines and always answered in the same order (real P answered last of second to last)
  • The confederates were told to answer incorrectly on 12/18 trails

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