Psychology - Forensic Psychology

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1. Which of these statements does NOT describe Broeder (1959) study on evidence being ruled inadmissable to a jury?

  • When the defence used story order and prosecution used witness order this dropped to 31% guilty verdict.
  • If the driver said he was insured and the judge ruled this inadmissable and told the jury to disregard this, the average award to V was increased to $46,000. This suggests that jurors attach added significance to banned info.
  • When the driver had no insurance, jurors awarded the V average of $33,000, when he said he did have insurance this increased to an average of $37,000. This suggests that jurors are prepared to make larger awards to V's when an insurance company pay.
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2. Which of these statement is NOT a correct finding in Dabbs et al (1995) study on gender as reason for turning to crime?

  • Tests showed disturbed levels of monaime metabolism associated with a defict of the enzyme Monoaime oxidase A (MAOA)
  • For pre-prison crimes- Higher testosterone for personal crimes (sex/violence) and for Lower testosterone criminals did property crimes
  • For behaviours wile in prison =Higher testosterone more violations of rules especially with confrontation

3. Sample used in Pennington and Hastie (1988) study that supports the claim that story order has the most powerful influence when persuading a jury?

  • 130 students paid to take part in an hour long experiment based around a trail of someone accused of murder.
  • 30 experimental (mock) juries, who were on real jury service at the time, they listened to tapes of evidence as if they were hearing the case for real.Took place at the Law school in the University of Chicago
  • 300 college students (150m,150f) from an introductory psychology class, the majority white and middle class. Told a study on psychology and law. 100 in each condition.

4. Which of these statements describes Brehm (1966) explains Broeder (1959) results?

  • When prosecution used story order and defence used witness order 78% of participants cam up with guilty verdict
  • Stated the reason for this was because people dont like to be told what to do and will resist rules to assert their freedoms. This is know as the Reactance theory (Boomerang) Harder you push jury more they will resist this idea.
  • Suggested that this is only seen in American culture due to their strong focus on 'freedom'

5. Which of these statements does NOT describe Mann et al (2004) study on detecting lies while interviewing suspects?

  • Set up the environment (uncomfortable chair, small room etc)
  • The participants filled out a questionnaire on their experience of detecting lies
  • Participants were asked to detect truthfulness of people in real-life police interviews
  • After watching each clip the participant then stated they detected lies or truth, their confidence of their decision and how they could tell
  • 54 clips were shown ranging from 6-154 seconds
  • Video clips of the suspects showing their head and torso were used, these clips were then backed up with evidence which proved lies/truthfulness


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