Psychology - Attachment

  • Created by: i_daley
  • Created on: 07-06-18 17:06
Attachment
An emotional bond between two people.
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Caregiver
Any person who is providing care for a child.
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Classical Conditioning
Learning through association.
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Continuity Hypothesis
The idea that emotionally secure infants go on to be emotionally secure, trusting and socially confident adults.
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Critical Period
A biologically determined period of time during which certain characteristics can develop.
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Cultural Variation
The ways that different groups of people vary in terms of their social practices, and the effect these practices have on development and behaviour.
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Deprivation
To be deprived is to lose something - a child's loss of emotional care that is normally provided by a primary caregiver.
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Imprinting
An innate readiness to develop a strong bond with the mother which takes place during the critical period.
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Insecure-Avoidant
A type of attachment which describes thos who tend to avoid social interaction and intimacy with others.
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Insecure-Resistant
A type of attachment which describes those who both seek and resist social interaction.
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Institutionalisation
The effect of institutional care - possible effects include social, mental and physical underdevelopment.
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Interactional Synchrony
When two people interact they tend to mirror what the other is doing in terms of facial and body movements.
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Internal Working Model
A mental model of the world that enables individuals to predict and control their environment.
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Learning Theory
The name given to a group of explanations which explain behaviour in terms of learning.
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Monotropy
The idea that the one relationship that the infant had with their primary caregiver is of special significance in emotional development.
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Multiple Attachments
Having more than one attachment figure.
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Operant Conditioning
Learning through reinforcements.
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Primary Attachment Figure
The person who has formed the closest bond to the infant.
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Reciprocity
Responding to the action of another with a similar action, where the actions of one partner elicits responses from the other.
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Secure Attachment
This is a strong and contended attachment of an infant to their caregiver, which develops as a result of sensitive responding by the caregiver to the infant's needs.
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Separation Anxiety
The distress displayed by infants when separated from their primary caregiver.
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Social Learning Theory
Learning through observing others and imitating behaviours that are rewarded.
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Social Releasers
A social behaviour that elicits caregiving and leads to attachment.
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Stranger Anxiety
The distress shown by an infant when approached or picked up by someone unfamiliar.
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Strange Situation
A controlled observation designed to test attachment security.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Any person who is providing care for a child.

Back

Caregiver

Card 3

Front

Learning through association.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that emotionally secure infants go on to be emotionally secure, trusting and socially confident adults.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A biologically determined period of time during which certain characteristics can develop.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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