psychology- attachment

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reciprocity
description of how two people interact. Mother, infant interactions is recipricon in that both respond to each others signals elicting a response from each other
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interactional synchrony
mother and infant reflect actions and emotions of each other in such a synchronised way
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stages of attachment
1. asocial 2. indiscriminate attachment 3. multiple attachment 4. specific attachment
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asocial stage
baby recognises and forms bonds with care-giver but babies behaviour towards humans and non human objects show some preference for familiar adults
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indiscriminate attachment
2-7months babies display social behaviour. Show preference for people/non objects. They recognise and prefer familar adultsand dont show separation or stranger anxiety
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mutiple attachment
attachments to two or more people. Most babies appear to develop mutiple attachments once they have formed one true attachment to the main care-giver
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specific attachment
7months + infants display anxiety to strangers and separation from one adult (mum). Has formed specific attachment with primary attachment figure 65%
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imprinting
bird species attach to and follow the first moving object they see after hatching. LORENZ
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contact comfort
seeks contact with caregiver and receives comfort upon contact. HARLOW
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classical conditioning
learning through association. Food= unconditioned stimulus, pleasure= unconditioned response, mum= neutral stimulus, mum= becomes conditioned stimulus, conditioned response is then pleasure from mum
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operant conditioning
learning through reinforcement. Positive care supplies food therefore infant enjoys the rewards, negative infant feels discomfort when hungry then cargiver removes discomfort
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learning theory
explains behaviours in terms of learning rather than innate tendencies
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Card 2

Front

mother and infant reflect actions and emotions of each other in such a synchronised way

Back

interactional synchrony

Card 3

Front

1. asocial 2. indiscriminate attachment 3. multiple attachment 4. specific attachment

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

baby recognises and forms bonds with care-giver but babies behaviour towards humans and non human objects show some preference for familiar adults

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

2-7months babies display social behaviour. Show preference for people/non objects. They recognise and prefer familar adultsand dont show separation or stranger anxiety

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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