Psychology as a science debate

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What are the key features of science?
Paradigm, replicability, objectivity, falsifiability.
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What is a paradigm?
A general theoretical orientation (whether beliefs are the same). Not one overall paradigm in psychology.
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Why is there not just one paradigm in psychology?
Psychology encompasses many different approaches and fields of study.
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What are individual paradigms in psychology?
The approaches and perspectives.
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Why are individual and situational explanations not a paradigm?
They do not share the same beliefs.
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Why are the physiological approach and behaviourist perspective not a paradigm?
They disagree with each other. Physiological supports nature and behaviourist perspective supports nurture.
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What is replicability?
Are studies replicable? Can it be copied and repeated?
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What studies are evidence of replicability?
Classical conditioning studies e.g. Watson and Raynor, McGrath.
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What types of studies have low replicability?
Case studies and participant observations have low replicability.
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What experimental design is high in replicability?
Laboratory studies are often replicable, because there are high levels of control.
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What study method are not replicable?
Case studies, because they are unique cases.
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What does it mean the more replicable a study is?
The more replicable, the more falsifiable.
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What are we trying to replicate?
The procedure not the sample or results.
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What is objectivity?
Do the studies contain elements of interpretation? Is there bias in the results?
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Why can Bobo doll experiments be seen as subjective?
Is a soft punch the same as a hard punch?
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What type of data makes research less objective?
Qualitative data makes research less objective.
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What studies are subjective?
Freud and Thigpen and Cleckley are subjective as they both show experimenter bias.
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What is falsifiability?
Falsifiable = Has to be possible to prove them wrong.
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When is research not falsifiable?
Not falsifiable if it is not possible to test a result and show a study could be false.
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Why is Piaget's research falsifiable?
His stages of development could be proved right/wrong. Proved to be wrong by Samuel and Bryant.
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Why is Freud's theory about 3 parts of the mind unfalsifiable?
It is a vague and poorly specified theory.
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What does it mean if research is falsifiable?
Is falsifiable = Is replicable.
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Why are Locus of Control and Health Belief Model not falsifiable?
They cannot be proved right or wrong.
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Card 2

Front

What is a paradigm?

Back

A general theoretical orientation (whether beliefs are the same). Not one overall paradigm in psychology.

Card 3

Front

Why is there not just one paradigm in psychology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are individual paradigms in psychology?

Back

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Card 5

Front

Why are individual and situational explanations not a paradigm?

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