Psychology - Approaches (Part two)

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An experiment where neither the experiment or the participant knows the precise aims of the procedure
Double Blind
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Output of the experiment, an aspect of the participant’s behavior this can be measured in the study.
Dependant Variable
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features of an experiment that help participants work out what is expected of them, and lead them to behave in certain predictable ways.
Demand Characteristics
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attempts by the experimenter at the end of a study to provide detailed information for the participants about the study and to reduce any distress that they might have felt.
Debriefing
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withholding information or misleading research participants.
Deception
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: a prediction that there will be a difference or correlation between two variables and a statement of the direction of the difference.
Directional hypothesis
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variables which can affect the behaviour of participants such as age, gender, intelligence level, type of task, personality etc.
Extraneous Variable
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the extent to which the findings of an experiment/study can be applied to every day situations.
External Validity
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Ecological Validity is the degree to which the behaviors observed and recorded in a study reflect the behaviors that actually occur in natural settings. In addition, ecological validity is associated with "generalization". Essentially this is the ext
Ecological Validity
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Questions concerning what is wrong and right
Ethical Issues
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a study in which the experimental method is used in a more naturalistic situation.
Field Experiment
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a statement of what you believe to be true
Hypothesis
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Output of the experiment, an aspect of the participant’s behavior this can be measured in the study.

Back

Dependant Variable

Card 3

Front

features of an experiment that help participants work out what is expected of them, and lead them to behave in certain predictable ways.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

attempts by the experimenter at the end of a study to provide detailed information for the participants about the study and to reduce any distress that they might have felt.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

withholding information or misleading research participants.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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