Psychology Applied

What is moral treatment of mental health?
respect for patient, confiding doctor-patient relationship, belief disorders arise from reasons, emotions and exposure to stressors
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What is the humours theory of mental health?
belief madness resulted from an imbalance of four bodily humours (blood, phlegm, yellow and black bile), depression thought to be a result of excess black bile
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What is the statistical infrequency definition of abnormality?
Any behaviour that is shown less that the normal amount for that society is abnormal. E.g. 3.45% of people in the UK suffer from Schizophrenia
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What is a problem with this definition?
to be abnormal under this doesn't mean there must be a diagnosis of psychological disorder e.g. those with extremely high intelligence, issue of where the cut of point is
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What is DSM?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, predominantly used in the USA, offers a starting point to identify a disorder but do not offer explanations or treatment
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What is ICD?
International Classification of Disorders, predominantly in the rest of the world, updated to allow for changes in social attitudes or norms
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What is a reliability problem of diagnosis?
could be influenced by corporate pressure- Krimsky and Cosgrove 69% of the panel working on DSM-5 had links with pharmaceutical industry
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What is the reliability of diagnosis (continued)?
Spitzer and Fleiss- looked at the Kappa value for various disorders, level of reliability is no better than fair for psychosis and schizophrenia and poor for the remaining categories
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What is a validity of diagnosis?
used by practitioners in what could be a subjective way- Ford and Widiger- presenting same symptoms but changing gender resulted in different diagnoses
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How is depression diagnosed? (affective disorder)
typical symptoms: depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, increased fatiguability (learn symptoms from DSM-5)
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What is the medical model of mental illness?
thought to be a physical cause, considers symptoms to be outward signs of inner physical disorder, believe that if symptoms grouped together as a 'syndrome' where the cause can be discovered and treatment administered
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What is the humours theory of mental health?

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belief madness resulted from an imbalance of four bodily humours (blood, phlegm, yellow and black bile), depression thought to be a result of excess black bile

Card 3

Front

What is the statistical infrequency definition of abnormality?

Back

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Card 4

Front

What is a problem with this definition?

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Card 5

Front

What is DSM?

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