PSYCHOLOGY

KEY WORDS

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  • Created by: Mads8
  • Created on: 12-04-16 20:32
Empiricism
The BELIEF that all KNOWLEDGE is gained from SENSORY EXPERIENCE.
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Introspection
The PROCESS by which a person gains KNOWLEDGE about his or her own MENTAL and EMOTIONAL states.
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Scientific Method
REFERS to the use of INVESTIGATIVE METHODS that are REPLICABLE
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Behavourist
PEOPLE who BELIEVE that human BEHAVIOR can be explained in terms of CONDITIONING
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Classical Conditioning
a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first evoked by the second stimulus and is eventually evoked by the first stimulus alone.
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Operant Conditioning
Learning through REINFORCEMENT.- Behavior is more likely to occur again.
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Punishment
Involves the use of an unpleasant consequence following a behavior, with the result that the behavior is likely to occur again
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Reinforcement
A term used to refer to anything that strengthens a response and increase the likelihood it will occur again
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Identification
Is a form of INFLUENCE where an individual adopts an attitude or behavior because they want to be associated with a particular group or person.
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Imitation
The ACTION of using someone of something as a MODEL and COPYING their behavior.
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Meditational Processes
Refer to the internal mental processes that exist between EVIRONMENTAL STIMULI and the RESPONSE made by an individual to those stimuli.
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Modelling
A FORM OF learning where individuals learn a particular behavior by observing another performing that behavior.
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Social Learning Theory
LEARNING through OBSERVING OTHERS and IMITATING behaviors that are REWARDED.
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Cognitive
Relates to MENTAL PROCESSES such as PERCEPTION, MEMORY and REASONING.
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Cognitive Neuroscience
An area of psychology, dedicated to the underlying NEURAL BASES of COGNITIVE functions.
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Computer Model
REFERS to the PROCESS of using COMPUTER ANALOGIES as a representation of HUMAN COGNITION.
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Schema
A cognitive FRAMEWORK that helps us to ORGANISE and INTERPRET INFO/new info in the brain.
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Biological Approach
Views humans as BIOLOGICAL ORGANISMS so provides explanations for psychological funtioning.
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Evolution
The CHANGE over successive generations of the genotype of a particular population.
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Gene
Part of chromosome,in the form of DNA; carries genetic information.
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Genotype
The GENETIC-MAKEUP of an individual.
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Natural Selection
The process by which INHERITED characteristics that enhance an individuals fitness are passed onto the NEXT GENERATION.
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Neurochemistry
The study of CHEMICAL and NEURAL processes associated with the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
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Phenotype
The Physical appearance characteristics of an individual.
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Card 2

Front

The PROCESS by which a person gains KNOWLEDGE about his or her own MENTAL and EMOTIONAL states.

Back

Introspection

Card 3

Front

REFERS to the use of INVESTIGATIVE METHODS that are REPLICABLE

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

PEOPLE who BELIEVE that human BEHAVIOR can be explained in terms of CONDITIONING

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a learning process that occurs when two stimuli are repeatedly paired: a response which is at first evoked by the second stimulus and is eventually evoked by the first stimulus alone.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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