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  • Created by: amanb27
  • Created on: 19-02-16 19:54
what is the definition of personality
relatively stable and enduring aspects of individuals that distinguish them from other people, making them unique,at the same time, allow people to be compared with each other.
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what is the definition of temperament
our inborn personality traits.
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what is a longitudinal study and what does it enable the researcher to do
it is a study which is conducted over a number of years. it enables the researcher to track developmets and changes in a particular person or group of people.
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who conducted a study into temperament
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explain thomases study
longitudinal temperament,observed infancy-adulthood asked parents 9 behaviours quality of mood attention span distractibility,three types of temperament easy difficult slow to warm up,temperament stays the same.
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evaluate thomases study
parents will be biased, children will see the observers
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who did a longitudinal study into inheriting temperament
buss and plomin
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explain buss and plomins study
temperament innate, parent rate child and self temperament and compare monozygotic twins and dizygotic twins 5, emotional social activity impulsivity correlation parents and child closer mono than dizygotic, temperament is genetic.
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what is the amygdala
responsible for our emotion of fear
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what does an over active amygdala mean
nervousnes and will result on someone being shy
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how can you tell if someone is shy and therefore has an overactive amygdala
dilated pupils,fast beating of the heart.
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who did a study into an overactive amygdala
kagan and snidman
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explain kagan and snidmans study
compare inhibited and less inhibited children, compare shy children to unshy children, 10% shy dialated heart rate amygdala fear controlled by brain
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evaluate kagan and snidmans study
people have just learnt to be shy, causation
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evaluate bus and plomins study
biased, qualitive data, parents may not remember, leading questions, confused between different children
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explain eysenks type theory
personality consists of permanent traits or characteristics, three types extrovert, introvert,neuroticism.
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evaluate eyseks type theory
only four points, if someones in the middle how do you distinguish what they are, if you interpret a question differently is it valid.
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evaluate eyesenks study
just men, ptsd, team situations extroverts, lie scales, it is still used.
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what is the definition of aspd
antisocial personality disorder- a pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation of the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adulthood and continues into adulthood.
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what five factors indicate ptsd
break law, deceit, aggressive,lack of remorse, dont plan ahead
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describe the biological explanation
brain structure, amygdala
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who conducted a study into the biological explanation
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explain raines theory
abnormalities prefrontal cortex cause apd, mri 21 men with apd and control healthy 34 men were volunteers,apd had 11% reduction in prefrontal grey matter compared to control, apd caused by reduction in brain grey matter.
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evaluate raines study
men, volunteers, causation
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what is the overall evaluation of the biological theory
scientific,causation, cant seperate biological and situational.
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what four factors are believed to cause aspd according to farrington.
convicted parent, belonging to a large family, being of low intelligence, child rearing factors.
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who did a longitudinal study into situational explanations of aspd
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explain farringtons theory
childhood predictions aspd longitudinal, 411 south london male studies 8-10 to 50, 50% convicted parents aspd by 32, children with those factors develop aspd. prevention
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evaluate farringtons study
males, inherited?, south london, end of 50s
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who conducted research into antisocial behaviour
elander (1)
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explain elander (1) study
histories of 13 individuals who commited crimes after age 22, juvenile delinquency in 12 out of 13, mental illness identifies as risk factors.
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evaluate elander (1) study
small sample, no comparison to controll group, hard to isolate situational factors.
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explain elander (2)
childhood risk factors predict aspd, 225 twins diagnosed with disorders interviewed between 10-25 yrs later, hyperactivity conduct disorders low iq reading problems strong predictors of aspd, distruptive behaviour in childhood can be used to predict
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evaluate elander(2)
one may copy the other, causation, you can identify the risk factors, get classed as a pair
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what are the four implications of research-punishment of criminals
difficult individual in society help, how should be treated, does punishment have effect
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what are the four implications of research-personality
aspd, cant prevent if its biological, reduce childhood problems.
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what is the definition of temperament


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what is a longitudinal study and what does it enable the researcher to do


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who conducted a study into temperament


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explain thomases study


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