Psychologists in Juries

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Asch
Can be influenced by a single jury member
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Hastie et al
The decision reflected the majority (86% if the final decision was innocent and 90% if the final decision was guilty)
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Duetsch and Gerard
Influenced by your desire to be liked (normative) or the desire to be right (informative)
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Kaplan and Miller
Found more of a informative social influence in a mock trial
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Smith and Mackie
proposed reasons why majority influence is influential (varied opinions produce deeper processing)
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Hinsz and Davis
presented groups with a different number of arguments, the greater the shift in opinion
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Moscavici
it depends on your personality if your going to be affected by minority influence (consistent, committed, acting on principle rather than self gain and not overly rigid
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Moscavici (experiment)
condition 1= incorrect colour was inconsistently given and 1.25% conformed. In condition 2 the incorrect colour was consistently given and 8% conformed
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Stewart
found a correlation between the attractiveness of the defendant and the punishment given (least attractive were given harsher punishments)
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Saladin et al
attractive men less likely to commit a crime
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Mckeiview and Coley
Said men are given more lenient sentences for burglary, but this was not true for more serious crimes like murder
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Castellow et al
Said other factors other than attractiveness effects decisions such as the gender of the defendant, the gender of the juror or the attractiveness of the victim
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Pfifer and Ogloff
white people are more likely to find a black man guilty of **** than a white man
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Squire et al
Contradicts Pfifer and Ogloff's research, saying that people with a European skin tone were sentenced to more years in prison than a African person
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Card 2

Front

The decision reflected the majority (86% if the final decision was innocent and 90% if the final decision was guilty)

Back

Hastie et al

Card 3

Front

Influenced by your desire to be liked (normative) or the desire to be right (informative)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Found more of a informative social influence in a mock trial

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

proposed reasons why majority influence is influential (varied opinions produce deeper processing)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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