Psychologists in a Bias in Diagnosis

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Cochrane and Sashidharan
Black Afro-Caribbean immigrants are 7 times more likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia
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Ebigno
Depression manifests differently in varied cultures
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Lewis
asked 139 psychologists to make a judgement about treatments/ whether criminal proceedings were taken. Some told black Afro, others white- identical symptoms.Based on reading of case studies = more likely to recommend treatment if patient was black.
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World Health Organisation
Did a study to see if black people were more prone to getting schizophrenia. They expected to similar rates across cultures
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Nazroo
Rates of Schizophrenia are not as high as rates in the UK. This gives evidence for a cultural bias
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Littlewood
Mental health practitioners judge people to be insane when they are actually reacting to disadvantage and racism.
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Robins et al
Men are more likely to be diagnosed with alcohol abuse than women whilst women are more likely to have depression and phobias
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Walker
Women with depression outnumber men between 2-6 times.
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Cochrane
Earlier in the 20th century men were more likely to be admitted to hospital than women. Lack of evidence for this reduces the reliability.
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Worrell and Remer
Men and women are diagnosed in different ways; they showed women react more to stress.
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Weissman et al
Found some evidence that high levels of depression are due to hormones, but this doesn't explain the large differences.
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Ebigno

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Depression manifests differently in varied cultures

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Lewis

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World Health Organisation

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Nazroo

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