Psychologists fo Risk Factors

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Stress - Everyday Stress - Cloninger
Individual differences for reacting to stress have to be taken into consideration. Stress can result in vulnerability for Type 1 alcoholics who drink because they are trying to reduce worry, but not for Type 2 alcoholics who drink to relieve boredom
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Stress - Traumatic Stress - Driessen et al
30% of drug addicts and 15% of alcoholics also suffer from post-traumaic stress disorder
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Peers - Eiser et al
Those who smoke are more likely to have mostly friends that smoke, whereas those who do not smoke are more likely to be friends with other non-smokers
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Peers - Duncan et al
Exposure to peer models who smoke increases the likelihood that teenagers will begin smoking
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Age - Brown et al
Peer influence on smoking and drug abuse becomes less powerful as the adolescent grows up, where eventually the stronges influence is from only their close friends or their romantic partner
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Personality - Zuckerman
High extraversion makes a person moe likely to seek drugs or alcohol
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Personality - Francis
Addicts are more likely to score highly on neuroticism and psychoticism
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30% of drug addicts and 15% of alcoholics also suffer from post-traumaic stress disorder

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Stress - Traumatic Stress - Driessen et al

Card 3

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Those who smoke are more likely to have mostly friends that smoke, whereas those who do not smoke are more likely to be friends with other non-smokers

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Card 4

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Exposure to peer models who smoke increases the likelihood that teenagers will begin smoking

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

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Peer influence on smoking and drug abuse becomes less powerful as the adolescent grows up, where eventually the stronges influence is from only their close friends or their romantic partner

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Preview of the back of card 5
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