Psychological explanations of schizophrenia

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Psychodynamic - Freud
Schizophrenia is the result of regression to a pre-ego stage of development; the case if parents were cold and uncaring as a form of defense mechanism(this can explain delusions and hallucinations). The infantile state - Attempts regain ego control
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Cognitive - Acknowledges role of biological factors causing intial experiences, however suggests further symptoms appear when patient tries to understand symptoms
eg - Others fail to validate schizophrenics sensory experiences, which results in thoughts such as "They must be lying; they are out to get me"
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Double-Blind
Batterson - Children who frequently recieve contradictory messages are more likely to develop schizophrenia - Prevents development of an internally coherent construction of reality
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Life events - Stressful life events, such as the death of a close relative or relationship break ups, are associated with higher risk of schizophrenia
Brown and Birley - 50% of people experience a stressful event 3 weeks prior to schizophrenic episode
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Psychodynamic evaluation  No empirical evidence to support Freuds theory of schizophrenia
however, Fromm-Reichmann described "schizophrenogenic mother" as being overprotective, dominant and moralistic. - This may contribute to the development of schizophrenia - Although these behaviours may be a response to a childs S rather than a cause
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Cognitive - Evaluation - Application to the real world
Reality testing - Can help people regain control over their symptoms. Yellowless et al - Developed a virtual reality technique to show schizophrenics that their hallucinations are not real
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Double - Blind - Evaluation
 Berger - Found that schizophrenics reported higher recall of double-blind statements by their mothers than non-schizophrenics
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Life events - Evaluation
Evidence is correlational - Tells us little about cause and effect - It may be that the onset of schizophrenic symptoms caused the major life events such as relationship break-ups or losing a job, rather than the other way round
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eg - Others fail to validate schizophrenics sensory experiences, which results in thoughts such as "They must be lying; they are out to get me"

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Cognitive - Acknowledges role of biological factors causing intial experiences, however suggests further symptoms appear when patient tries to understand symptoms

Card 3

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Batterson - Children who frequently recieve contradictory messages are more likely to develop schizophrenia - Prevents development of an internally coherent construction of reality

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

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Brown and Birley - 50% of people experience a stressful event 3 weeks prior to schizophrenic episode

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

however, Fromm-Reichmann described "schizophrenogenic mother" as being overprotective, dominant and moralistic. - This may contribute to the development of schizophrenia - Although these behaviours may be a response to a childs S rather than a cause

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Preview of the back of card 5
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