psychological explanations of Anorexia Nervosa

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  • Created by: jess
  • Created on: 24-05-14 18:38
Cultural ideals
western standards of attractiveness are thought to contribute to body dissatisfaction, a distorted body image and AN
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Gregory et al
found that in UK, 16% of girls aged 15-18 were on a diet
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Ethical issues in AN research
Researchers increasingly using anorexia chat rooms and newsgroups to gain qualitative data from those who actually have AN - creates significant ethical issues for researcher in relation to invasion of privacy, lack of informed consent, breach of con
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Media influences
portrayal of thin models on TV and in magazines is a significant contributory factor in body image concerns and the drive for thinness among Western adolescent girls
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Jones & Buckingham
found people with low self esteem are more likely to compare themselves to idealised images portrayed in media
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IDA - RWA
Because media has such a powerful influence on eating behaviour in young people, fashion industry in France has pledged to use a diversity of body types and not stereotype the ‘thin ideal’
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Becker et al
study of adolescent Fijian girls found that after introduction of television to the island, these girls stated a desire to lose weight and to be like women they saw on Western television
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Yamamiya et al
shown that instructional intervention prior to media exposure to idealised female images prevents adverse effects of media influence.suggests that media can and does have an effect on development of disordered eating and AN, but effects can be avoide
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Bruch's psychodynamic theory
distinguished between effective parents who respond to child's needs and ineffective parents who fail to respond appropriately
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Steiner
found that parents of adolescents with AN had a tendency to define their children’s needs rather than letting them define their own needs → supports claim that children of ineffective parents become overly reliant on parents to identify their needs
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Button & Warren
examined group of AN sufferers 7 years after they were diagnosed with AN - there individuals relied excessively on opinions of others and felt lack of control over their lives
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Gregory et al

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found that in UK, 16% of girls aged 15-18 were on a diet

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Ethical issues in AN research

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Media influences

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Jones & Buckingham

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