Psychological Therapies for depression.

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  • Created by: Abw97
  • Created on: 28-01-16 12:01
what is the aim of CBT? (AO1)
Aim = identify negative thoughts and dysfunctional behaviour. Structural theory 16-20 sessions.
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Whats is Thought catching? (AO1)
Identify and challenge negative automatic thoughts, learn how to replace with more constructive ones.
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What is behavioural activations? (AO1)
Taking part in pleasurable activities. May involve overcoming cognitive obstacles but rewards act as an antidote to depression.
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What did Robinson et al say about the effectiveness of CBT? (AO2)
CBT = Superior to no treatment control groups. When these control groups (no treatment and placebo) = CBT more effective than placebo.
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What did Kuyken Tsiutikos say about therapist competence? (AO2)
15% of variance in outcomes attributional to depression. The fact whether CBT works depending on the therapist is a weakness.
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What is the aim of PIT? (AO1)
Therapist and client in a therapeutic conversation. Problems discussed in past tense. Based on principle: depression arises from interpersonal relationships.
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What are 3 components of PIT? (AO1)
Explatory rationale = linking symptoms to difficulties in interpersonal relationships. Focus on difficult feelings = understand what client is feeling. Change = acknowledge and encourage change.
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What did Paley find about the effectiveness of PIT? (AO2)
Outcomes of PIT are at least equivalent to CBT. However in pPaleys study acknowledgement of life events was not considered.So any clinical gains could not be attributed to just therapeutic intervention.
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What did Guthrie say about the appropriateness of PIT? (AO2)
Explanations and Therapies of cognitive reasons for depression ignore the influence of interpersonal relationships, so PIT is appropriate for these cases.
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What did Barkham say about the effect of PIT? (AO2)
PIT and CBT were equally effective. However 12 months after treatment, patients showed tendency to have re-occurring symptoms. = limits long time effectiveness.
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Whats is Thought catching? (AO1)

Back

Identify and challenge negative automatic thoughts, learn how to replace with more constructive ones.

Card 3

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What is behavioural activations? (AO1)

Back

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Card 4

Front

What did Robinson et al say about the effectiveness of CBT? (AO2)

Back

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Card 5

Front

What did Kuyken Tsiutikos say about therapist competence? (AO2)

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