Achievement motivation, confidence and leadership in sport

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  • Created by: lally2685
  • Created on: 08-03-18 21:58
Explain what is achievement motivation and who developed the two personality dimensions to describe achievement motivation.
Achievement motivation is the tendency to approach or avoid competitive situations. It can be summed up as the drive to succeed minus the fear of failure. Atkinson (1964) developed the two personality dimensions.
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Define 'NACH' and 'NAF' and give two characteristics.
NACH is the need to achieve so the player welcomes competition. For example, the player would be open to taking risks and they attribute success internally. NAF is the need to avoid failure so the player avoids risk. The player will give up easily.
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What determines the NACH or NAF approach?
It depends on the interaction of personality and situation
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How could coaches develop the need to achieve in their players?
use reinforcement, attribute success internally, allow success, improve confidence and use goal setting
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What is the achievement goal theory?
It suggests that motivation and task persistence depend on the type of goals set by the performer and how they measure success.
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Define confidence
A belief in the ability to master a task
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What is the difference between trait confidence and state confidence?
Trait confidence is a belief in the ability to do well in a range of sports and state confidence is a belief in the ability to master a specific sporting moment.
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Briefly outline the Vealey model of sports confidence
Vealey suggested that confidence gained in one area of sport could be used to improve confidence in a different sporting activity. It was suggested that trait and state confidence combined to produce a level of confidence in objective sporting situat
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Define 'self efficacy'
a belief in the ability to master a specific sporting situation
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What are the factors that affect self efficacy
performance accomplishments, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, emotional arousal
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How can a coach improve a player's confidence?
Control arousal with relaxation/stress management techniques, accurate demonstration, past successful performances, give support and encouragement, set attainable goals...
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Explain what it is meant by 'home field advantage'
a balance between confidence and anxiety - the influence of the home crows could increase confidence in the home team and cause anxiety in the away team
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Define the term 'leader'
someone who has influence in helping others to achieve goals
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explain the difference between 'prescribed leader' and an 'emergent leader'
A prescribed leader is appointed from outside the group and an emergent leader is appointed from within the group
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List some qualities that characterise a good leader
Charismatic, good communication, empathetic, experienced, confident and inspirational
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list the three types of leadership styles.
the autocratic - task orientated style, democratic-person orientated style, laissez-faire style
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Briefly explain Fiedler's contingency model of leadership
autocratic-task orientated style. three situations: most favourable, least favourable and moderately favourable
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Briefly explain Chelladurai's multi-dimensional model of leadership
interactive approach to balance aspects of the situation and the leader and the group. The leader can then choose how to behave: required, actual and preferred behaviour
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define 'NACH' and 'NAF' and give two characteristics.

Back

NACH is the need to achieve so the player welcomes competition. For example, the player would be open to taking risks and they attribute success internally. NAF is the need to avoid failure so the player avoids risk. The player will give up easily.

Card 3

Front

What determines the NACH or NAF approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How could coaches develop the need to achieve in their players?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the achievement goal theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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