Psychological explanations of depression

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  • Created by: Abw97
  • Created on: 28-01-16 11:39
Explain Freuds Morning and meloncholia. (AO1)
Some one experiences loss = mourning, --> melancholia (permanent state). Due to ineffective parenting as a child, individual is fixated at oral stage = dependent on others --> vulnerable. The anger they feel towards less is turned in on themselves.
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What did Paykal and Cooper say about Freuds theory? (AO2)
Loss only explains 10% of depression.
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What did Comer say about Freuds theory? (AO2)
associated therapy has not proved to be effective. --> may be due to depressed not being able to act in the way required by psychoanalysis.
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What did Shah and Waller say about Freuds theory? (AO2)
Of those who suffered depression, many described parents as affection-less = supports theory of loss.
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What did Beck say the reason was depressed people thinking in the way they do? (AO1)
Their thinking being biased towards negative and interpretations of the world.
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Explain Becks cognitive theory (AO1)
Aquire negative schemas during childhood. These are activated when they are put in new situation similar to original situation.
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How is the negative triad formed? (AO1)
Combination of cognitive biases (over thinking) and negative schemas.
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What did Hammen and Krantz find out Becks cognitive theory? (AO2)
Depressed women asked to interpret written material. = more errors than non depressed in logical questions. = they were stuck on negative triad.
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Whay did Bates et al find out about Becks cognitive theory? (AO2)
depressed given negative automatic thought = more depressed. However doesnt mean the former caused the latter. (cause and effect)
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What did Paykal and Cooper say about Freuds theory? (AO2)

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Loss only explains 10% of depression.

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What did Comer say about Freuds theory? (AO2)

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What did Shah and Waller say about Freuds theory? (AO2)

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What did Beck say the reason was depressed people thinking in the way they do? (AO1)

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