psychological explanations for schizophrenia

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what is the schizophrengenic mother?
a mother that acts in a way that triggers schizophrenia, proposed by Reichmann.
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where did Freda Fromm-Reichmann gather her information?
from her patients that had been diagnosed with schizophrenia when they spoke of their parents.
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what are the characteristics of the schizophrengenic mother?
cold, rejecting, over involved, moralistic about sex and intimacy, self sacrificing, controlling, creates a family environment of tension and secrecy.
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how does the schizophrengenic mother cause schizophrenia?
leads to mistrust which could later lead to paranoid delusions, may also develop as a coping mechanism for treatment, internalise their opinions and then causes an imbalance between Id and Superego.
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what is the double bind theory?
where the child finds themselves in a situation where they fear doing the wrong thing and receive mixed messages about what that is and don't feel comfortable asking. if they do the wrong thing they are punished with withdrawal of love.
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how does the double bind theory cause schizophrenia?
leaves them feeling the world is confusing and dangerous, leads to disorganised thinking and delusions, confusion and cause them to withdraw.
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what is expressed emotion?
the level of emotion expressed towards a patient by their carers and patient.
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what are the elements of expressed emotion?
1. verbal criticism of the patient, can be accompanied with violence. 2. hostility towards the patient, occasionally anger and rejection. 3. emotional over involvement in the life of the patient, decisions are taken away.
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what did Brown find in his research?
increased relapse rate having a dysfunctional family, 58%.
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where did Freda Fromm-Reichmann gather her information?

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from her patients that had been diagnosed with schizophrenia when they spoke of their parents.

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what are the characteristics of the schizophrengenic mother?

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Card 4

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how does the schizophrengenic mother cause schizophrenia?

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what is the double bind theory?

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