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  • Created by: lewis
  • Created on: 13-01-15 18:17
The mind-body question:
a) concerns whether the mind is spiritual or physical. b) remains unsolved today (originally imposed by philosophers) c) involves a choice between the positions of monism and dualism.
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The explanation of behaviour in terms of physiological processes is an example of
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An example of reduction:
The classical conditioning of a child's phobic reactions to horses.
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Soma (body):
a) its shape is remarkably uniform from cell to cell. b) contains the nucleus. c) provides for the life processes of the cell.
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The axon:
transmits the action potential.
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Glia cells (supporting cells):
a) cannot replace themselves when they die. b) comprise about half the volume of CNS. c) they insulate neutrons and serve as a kind of "nerve glue".
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Myelin (big quantities, contain white matter):
consists of protein.
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When the threshold of excitation is reached:
potassium ion channels open.
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The all-or-none law:
indicates that the action potential is always triggered at the same place on the axon and diminishes in size as it travels to the terminal buttons.
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Iontropic receptors:
open ion channels directly when activated.
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EPSPs are typically produced by a movement of __________ whereas IPSPs are typically produced by movement of:
potassium; chloride.
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The following neurotransmitters are deactivated by the reuptake:
a) 5-HT b) Noradrenalin c) Dopamine
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Catecholamines (monoamines):
share a synthetic pathway with tyrosine as a precursor.
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Serotonin plays a role in:
sleep, appetite, mood and pain.
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With respect to the mammalian CNS, another word for anterior is:
ventral (belly).
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_____, ______ and _____ are all structures in the forebrain:
thalamus, tectum and celebral cortex.
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The frontal lobes are specialised for:
planning, execution and control of movements.
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The parietal lobe contrains:
the primary somatosensory area.
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The auditory cortex is visible on the surface of the:
occipital lobe.
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Primary motor cortex is found in the:
occipital lobe.
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____ is a major sensory relay station:
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The sympathetic nervous system:
is most active when expenditure of energy is required.
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______, _____ and ____ are all involved in the motor function:
hippocampus, cerebellum, basal ganglia.
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The medulla (most primitive bit of brain):
regulates vital functions such as respiration.
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Positive symptoms of schizophrenia include:
hallucinations, thought disorder, involve dopamine.
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In schizophrenia, delusions are:
false beliefs concerning control of persecution.
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The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia:
states that the negative symptoms of the disorder are due to a biochemical imbalance.
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The drug chlopromazine (atypical):
was the first 'antipsychotic' compound that did not impair patients' alertness, classes as a neuroleptic, acts at dopamine receptors.
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The explanation of behaviour in terms of physiological processes is an example of



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An example of reduction:


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Card 4


Soma (body):


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The axon:


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