PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY - Depression

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 10-06-13 20:55
how can an overdeveloped superego lead to depression?
guilt and worthlessness in overdrive; feel terrible about self
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what is repression?
memories and feelings are put into the unconscious but still affects behaviour
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what is regression?
you revert to child like behaviour and re-experience feelings of childhood
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what did freud note had a similarity to symptoms of depression?
grieving when a loved one dies
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what did he then theorise?
depression is a grief response to loss (e.g. lose job)
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what feelings does this evoke?
feelings associated with real or imagined loss of affection from the person on whom the person was most dependent on as a child
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what does this lead us to re-experience?
parts of childhood
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according to freud, what does this explain?
why depressed people are so dependent on others and regress to a child-like state
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what do some studies such as Palosaari and Aro find?
children who have lost a parent are susceptible to depression later in life
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however, what have other studies found, such as Parker?
they have failed to find such susceptibility
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what does Freud also argue can lead to depression?
unresolved and repressed anger towards parents
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what is an example of this?
a person may be unconsciously angry towards a parent that has died for rejecting and abandoning them
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when this is experienced, what happened to the aforementioned anger?
it is evoked and turned inward on the self.
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why is it not turned outward?
this would not be allowed by the superego
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what are the weaknesses of this?
no direct evidence, depressed people actually tend to display hostility to those who are close to them, mixed evidence for a direct connection between early loss and risk of depression in later life; imagined loss can't be observed - cant be tested
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what is another weakness?
unfalsifiable
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Card 2

Front

what is repression?

Back

memories and feelings are put into the unconscious but still affects behaviour

Card 3

Front

what is regression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what did freud note had a similarity to symptoms of depression?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what did he then theorise?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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