PSY101 Chapter 13

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  • Created by: hollyyyt
  • Created on: 18-01-16 15:39
Ten signs of happiness published by ONS
People are to be asked how satisfied they are with their husband, wife, or partner, under government plans to measure the country's happiness. The Office for National Statistics has published a list of 10 indicators of well-being, including health.
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What you should be able to do after reading chapter 13
Define motivation; describe and understand the processes involved in starting and stopping a meal; outline the basic psychology and physiology of thirst; describe the major eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and obesity
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Questions to think about
What motivates us to eat, drink, be aggressive and have sex? What influences sexual preference and orientation? What causes eating disorders? What strategies can an overweight person adopt to lose weight and, more importantly, maintain this loss?
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Motivation
Why do people behave differently? Why do some individuals eat particular foods whereas others eat different foods? Why do we eat in the first place? What makes us attracted to different sexual partners, or any sexual partner?
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Biological Needs
Biological needs can be potent motivators. To survive, we need air, food, water, various vitamins and minerals, and protection from extremes in temperature.
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Physiology of reinforcement
To understand the nature of reinforcement we must understand something about its physiological basis. Olds and Milner (1954) discovered quite by accident that electrical stimulation of parts of the brain can reinforce an animal's behaviour.
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Optimum-level theory
Although events that increase our level of arousal are often reinforcing, there are times when a person wants nothing more than some peace and quiet. In this case, avoidance of exciting stimuli motivates our behaviour.
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Effects of intermittent reinforcement
When an organism's behaviour is no longer reinforced, the behaviour eventually ceases, or extinguishes (see Chapter 7)
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Card 2

Front

Define motivation; describe and understand the processes involved in starting and stopping a meal; outline the basic psychology and physiology of thirst; describe the major eating disorders, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and obesity

Back

What you should be able to do after reading chapter 13

Card 3

Front

What motivates us to eat, drink, be aggressive and have sex? What influences sexual preference and orientation? What causes eating disorders? What strategies can an overweight person adopt to lose weight and, more importantly, maintain this loss?

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why do people behave differently? Why do some individuals eat particular foods whereas others eat different foods? Why do we eat in the first place? What makes us attracted to different sexual partners, or any sexual partner?

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Biological needs can be potent motivators. To survive, we need air, food, water, various vitamins and minerals, and protection from extremes in temperature.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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