Proteins and Alternative Proteins

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  • Created by: zoe
  • Created on: 13-03-14 18:11
What is protein required in the body for?
growth and repair
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What happens to proteins during digestion?
broken up into amino acids
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How many amino acids are there?
20
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How many amino acids can the body produce without food?
11
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What do amino acids combine to make?
muscle protein, hormones, skin protein, antibodies, nails, enzymes, call membranes, haemoglobin
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What sort of foods are those including essential amino acids in animal tissue said to have?
high biological value
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What are plant sources of proteins said to have?
low biological value
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What are 8 examples of products from plants containing protein?
bread, peas, pulses, rice, cereals, nuts, quorn, beans
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What are 7 examples of products from animals containing protein?
milk, cheese, egg, meat, shellfish, fish, yoghurt
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Why have alternative proteins been developed?
commercial production, sale in supermarkets
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What is TVP?
Textured vegetable protein made from soya beans
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What is quorn?
a mycroprotein which is related to the mushroom
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What is tivall?
made from wheat and vegetable protein, similar texture to meat
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What is tofu and bean curd made from?
soya beans
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What are the nutritional value of alternative proteins?
high in protein, low in fat, enriched with vitamins and minerals, have a similar nutritional value to meat
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What are the properties of alternative proteins?
versatile, bland, colourless, easy to store
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Who might eat alternative proteins?
people who don't eat animal sourced foods, people conscious of healthy eating, people who want a more varied diet
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What are the ethical considerations regarding alternative proteins?
can be produced organically, made in a controlled environment, cheap, can be stored as dried products
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What happens to proteins during digestion?

Back

broken up into amino acids

Card 3

Front

How many amino acids are there?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How many amino acids can the body produce without food?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What do amino acids combine to make?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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