Protein Synthesis

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  • Created by: hannah66
  • Created on: 30-03-15 12:10
Protein Synthesis - Used to make proteins
1) DNA is found on replicated and condensed chromosome.
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Transcription
2) Transcription factors and RNA polymerase attach to the DNA (they help transcription run quickly).
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RNA Nucleotides
3) The transcription factors break the hydrogen bonds between bases, and so the strands separate. RNA nucleotides (G,C,U,T) attach to their specific/complementary free bases.
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End of Transcription
4) RNA polymerase joins the RNA nucleotides.
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Splicing
5) On the RNA, introns are removed by an enzyme in a process called splicing. (Exons are left behind).
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tRNA
There are different tRNA for each of the 20 amino acids (as have different anticodons), each tRNA are specific to an amino acid.
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Translation
6) mRNA moves to ribsomes for production of protein. The anitcodon on the tRNA pairs with its specific/complementary codon on the mRNA.
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Amino Acids
7) As the tRNA line up, the amino acids join together by peptide bonds.
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Protein
8) The joined polymer chain of amino acids, folds in to form a protein.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

2) Transcription factors and RNA polymerase attach to the DNA (they help transcription run quickly).

Back

Transcription

Card 3

Front

3) The transcription factors break the hydrogen bonds between bases, and so the strands separate. RNA nucleotides (G,C,U,T) attach to their specific/complementary free bases.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

4) RNA polymerase joins the RNA nucleotides.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

5) On the RNA, introns are removed by an enzyme in a process called splicing. (Exons are left behind).

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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