Properties and Functions of Fats

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What is the first function of fats?
Spreads
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What is the reason for use?
To bring out the flavour of food
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Give an example
Butter, margarine and cream cheese
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What is the second function of fats?
Shortening
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What is the reason for use?
Fat stops gluten making long stands, and shortens them giving a baked mixture with a melt-in-the-mouth texture
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Give an example
Pastries, shortbread and cakes
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What is the third function of fats?
Frosting and creams
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What is the reason for use?
Adds flavour and texture
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Give an example
Buttercream and chocolate frosting
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What is the fourth function of fats?
Flavour and moisture
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What is the reason for use?
Fat stops water evaporating and gives a longer shelf life
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Give an example
Cakes, biscuits and bread
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What is the fifth function of fats?
Traps air into a mixture
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What is the reason for use?
Margarine and butter trap air bubbles (foam) when beaten with sugar
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Give an example
Cake mixtures
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What is the sixth function of fats?
Frying - shallow, deep and stir fry
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What is the reason for use?
Adds texture and flavour
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Give an example
Shallow - eggs, pancakes, deep - battered fish, stir fry - fry meat and vegetables
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What is the seventh function of fats?
Sauteing
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What is the reason for use?
Adds flavour and lubricates food
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Give an example
Meat, poultry and vegetables
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What is the eighth function of fats?
Roasting
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What is the reason for use?
Adds flavour and crisps food
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Give an example
Onions and vegetables - the natural sugars caramelise
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What is the ninth function of fats?
Salad dressing sauces
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What is the reason for use?
Adds texture and flavour
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Give an example
Mayonnaise, vinaigrette and hollandaise sauces
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What is the tenth function of fats?
Dips for bread
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What is the reason for use?
Alternative to butter and margarine
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Give an example
Oils flavoured with herbs and spices
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the reason for use?

Back

To bring out the flavour of food

Card 3

Front

Give an example

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the second function of fats?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the reason for use?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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