Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells

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Prokaryotic
These cells are single celled organisms. They are simple structures and do not have a nucleus or any membrane bound organelles
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Eukaryotic
These cells make up mulit-cellular organisms such as plants and animals. They are complex cells with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.
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membrane bound organelles
Organelles surrounded by a phospholipid membrane. For example, lysosome and golgi apparatus.
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Cell wall
Structure: Prokaryotic cells are surrounded by a cell wall made of peptidoglycan. Function: Protects and supports each cell.
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Capsule
Structure: Slippery layer outside the cell wall of some species of bacteria. Function: Protects the cell and prevents dessication.
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Ribosomes
Structure: Smaller than ribosomes found in eukaryotic cells. They consist of two sub-units and they are not surrounded by a membrane. Function: Protein synthesis occurs at these ribosomes.
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Nucleoid
Structure: Irregularly shaped region that holds nuclear material without a nuclear membrane. The DNA forms one circular chromosome. Function: The nucleoid is the region where genetic information can be found and controls cellular activity.
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Plasmid
Structure: Small loops of DNA. Function: Plasmids carry genes that may benefit the survival of the organism.
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Card 2

Front

These cells make up mulit-cellular organisms such as plants and animals. They are complex cells with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles.

Back

Eukaryotic

Card 3

Front

Organelles surrounded by a phospholipid membrane. For example, lysosome and golgi apparatus.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structure: Prokaryotic cells are surrounded by a cell wall made of peptidoglycan. Function: Protects and supports each cell.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Structure: Slippery layer outside the cell wall of some species of bacteria. Function: Protects the cell and prevents dessication.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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