Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell quiz

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1. What is the use of the golgi apparatus?

  • Involved in the formation of the spindle during nuclear division and in transport within the cell cytoplasm
  • To make lipids and steroids
  • Modifies proteins and packages them in vesicles for transport
  • Phospholipid bilayer containing proteins and other molecules forming a partially permeable barrier
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2. What organelle isn't in a prokaryotic cell?

  • Nucleus
  • Cell surface membrane
  • Ribosome
  • Cytoplasm

3. Where is a eukaryotic cell found?

  • Plants only
  • All living organisms
  • Animals only
  • None of these options

4. What the process in what proteins are produced and their pathway through the cell

  • Protein enters rER -> Assumes two-dimensional shape -> Vesicle takes protein to lysosome -> Protein modified -> Protein packaged -> Vesicle takes protein to cell surface membrane
  • Ribosome gives off protein -> Travels to golgi body -> Is packaged in vesicle -> Travels to rER to assume three-dimensional shape -> Travels back to golgi apparatus -> Is modified in golgi body -> Taken to cell surface membrane
  • Transcription -> Leaves nucleus -> Protein enters rER -> Protein moves through rER -> Vesicles contains protein -> Vesicles fuse to make sacs of the golgi body -> Protein modified -> Moves through cell (vesicle) -> Fuses with cell surface membrane
  • Transcription -> Leaves nucleus -> Vesicle takes protein to golgi body -> Modified -> Vesicle takes protein to rER -> Turns to three-dimensional shape -> Vesicles fuses with cell surface membrane

5. What does a ribosome do?

  • The site of protein synthesis
  • Site of the later stages of aerobic respiration
  • Involved in the breakdown of unwanted structures within a cell, or a whole cell
  • Modifies proteins and packages them in vesicles for transport

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