Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell quiz

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1. What is the use of the golgi apparatus?

  • Involved in the formation of the spindle during nuclear division and in transport within the cell cytoplasm
  • To make lipids and steroids
  • Modifies proteins and packages them in vesicles for transport
  • Phospholipid bilayer containing proteins and other molecules forming a partially permeable barrier
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2. What the process in what proteins are produced and their pathway through the cell

  • Transcription -> Leaves nucleus -> Protein enters rER -> Protein moves through rER -> Vesicles contains protein -> Vesicles fuse to make sacs of the golgi body -> Protein modified -> Moves through cell (vesicle) -> Fuses with cell surface membrane
  • Ribosome gives off protein -> Travels to golgi body -> Is packaged in vesicle -> Travels to rER to assume three-dimensional shape -> Travels back to golgi apparatus -> Is modified in golgi body -> Taken to cell surface membrane
  • Transcription -> Leaves nucleus -> Vesicle takes protein to golgi body -> Modified -> Vesicle takes protein to rER -> Turns to three-dimensional shape -> Vesicles fuses with cell surface membrane
  • Protein enters rER -> Assumes two-dimensional shape -> Vesicle takes protein to lysosome -> Protein modified -> Protein packaged -> Vesicle takes protein to cell surface membrane

3. Where is a eukaryotic cell found?

  • None of these options
  • Animals only
  • All living organisms
  • Plants only

4. What does 'prokaryotic cell' mean?

  • 'With organelles'
  • 'Before the nucleus'
  • 'Without organelles'
  • 'After the nucleus'

5. What is the outer most layer of an eukaryotic animal cell?

  • Chloroplast
  • Cell surface membrane
  • Cytoplasm
  • Cell wall

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