Prohibition

HideShow resource information
What number amendment to the constitution was prohibition?
The 18th Amendment
1 of 67
Define prohibition
The banning of the making, distributing and selling of alcohol
2 of 67
What was it technically legal to do?
Buy and drink alcohol
3 of 67
What date was the 18th Amendment?
1917
4 of 67
What/When was the Volstead Act?
1919 - said that any drink of 0.5% was alcoholic and therefore banned
5 of 67
When was prohibition ratified?
1920
6 of 67
How many states had to ratify prohibition for it to be in force across America?
2/3
7 of 67
When was prohibition repealed?
1933
8 of 67
What did prohibition go against?
Laissez faire - governement is now intervening in the economy (alcohol is 7th biggest industry)
9 of 67
List the reasons why prohibition was introduced
Campaign goes back to 18th century, lots of states already banned it, wanted by industrialists and employers, the war and the fact that drinking was seen as an immigrant activity
10 of 67
Name 3 famous groups trying to introduce prohibition
Anti-Saloon League / Women's Christian Temperance Union / The Progressives
11 of 67
Why was drinking supposedly bad?
Un-American, immoral, bad for your health, breaks up families
12 of 67
How many states were dry by 1917?
23
13 of 67
Who/When was the first state dry?
Kansas in 1870
14 of 67
Name 3 industrialists what wanted prohibition
Ford, Rockefeller and Heinz
15 of 67
Why did employers/industrialists support prohibition?
So workers wouldn't be late, inefficient, accident-prone or hungover and would produce more
16 of 67
Name 3 big German brewers
Budweiser, Coors and Pabst
17 of 67
Why did the war help to introduce prohibition?
Could use the yeast from alcohol to make more food (bread) and the biggest brewers were German so to buy alcohol was to support the enemy
18 of 67
What/When was the Lever Act?
1917 - Banned the use of wheat to produce alcohol
19 of 67
In which 2 cultures was drinking very popular?
Irish and Italian
20 of 67
In terms of drinking being seen as an immigrant activity, what did some people describe prohibition as?
An attempt to control the immigrant community
21 of 67
How many agents enforced prohibition?
3000
22 of 67
How much were the prohibition agents paid?
$2500
23 of 67
How much was made per year by doctors selling alcohol prescriptions?
$4 million
24 of 67
How many miles of coastline in the US is there?
18'700
25 of 67
What substances were found in alcohol when it was tested?
Soap, sulphuric acid
26 of 67
How many places were there that you could buy a drink in 1 block in Manhattan?
32
27 of 67
What was Al Capone's annual profit?
$60 million
28 of 67
How much did Al Capone leave when he went to prison?
$27 million
29 of 67
Why did Al Capone go to prison?
For tax evasion - not even bootlegging!
30 of 67
List the reasons why prohibition lasted so long
People benefitted financially, could get drinks anyway, more sober workers, the law actually worked in some places, embarrassing for Reps to repeal their own law, no economic reason until Dep., other industries doing well, takes time to repeal a la
31 of 67
Why does it take a long time to repeal a law?
Needs the ratification of 2/3 of states
32 of 67
Where did prohibition work?
South, rural areas
33 of 67
How much alcohol (as a percentage) was stopped from entering the US?
5%
34 of 67
List the reasons why prohibition ended
The Depression / political parties / pressure / Wickersham Report / legality of it / it wasn't working
35 of 67
How many people were unemployed in 1932?
13-17 million
36 of 67
Legality would create how many jobs?
1 million
37 of 67
Prohibition was the _th biggest industry
7th
38 of 67
Why did Roosevelt help stop prohibition?
Repeal was part of his campaign, and it was one of the first things he did in office
39 of 67
Why did politics influence the repeal of the prohibition law?
Because by 1932, both Republicans and Democrats were against it
40 of 67
What does the AAPA stand for?
Association Against the Prohibition Amendment
41 of 67
What famous individual turned against prohibition?
Rockefeller
42 of 67
What happened to organisations to make them able to pressurise the government to repeal the prohibition law?
They became stronger and more organised, they were financially backed, they only voted for wets, had influence of Rockefeller
43 of 67
How did the fact that drinking was part of city culture influence the government to repeal the prohibition law?
There was migration from north to south to the cities
44 of 67
When was the Wickersham Commission established?
1929
45 of 67
When was the Wickersham Report?
1931
46 of 67
How long did the Wickersham Commission spend studying prohibition?
18 months
47 of 67
What was the conclusion of the Wickersham Report?
That prohibition wasn't working but should continue anyway
48 of 67
What 4 things was prohibition against?
Laissez faire, Bill of Rights, individual liberties and immigrants (seen as a racist law)
49 of 67
What is a quote from Al Capone?
"I'm supplying public demand"
50 of 67
How many murders were there in Chicago?
550
51 of 67
Which 3 (groups of) individuals were corrupt?
Doctors, politicians and agents
52 of 67
Name 2 geographical reasons why prohibition wasn't working
Impossible to control all 18'700 miles of coastline / Mexico and Canada smugglings
53 of 67
Why wasn't prohibition "working"?
Led to organised crime / corruption / geographically impossible / Moonshine grown at home / technically not illegal to drink and buy
54 of 67
What 2 simple facts are evidence that prohibition wasn't a total failure?
It did last 13 years and was carried on afterwards in some places
55 of 67
In which 2 places were there less alcohol-related injuries because of prohibition?
On the roads / in the work place
56 of 67
What was the overall alcohol consumption?
2.6 to 1 gallon per person per year
57 of 67
What did coca cola become known as?
The Grand Temperance Drink
58 of 67
List the successes of prohibition
Worked in some places, less injuries, overall consumption down, soft drinks industry, less drunken arrests
59 of 67
How much money did John Torrio retire with?
$27 million
60 of 67
Which other violent individual can you talk about other than Al Capone?
John Torrio
61 of 67
How many were killed in the Valentine's Day Massacre?
7
62 of 67
Name 3 (groups of) individuals who opposed prohibition by the end
Rockefeller, women and the AAPA
63 of 67
Which President was corrupt and why?
Harding - because he had drinking parties in the White House
64 of 67
How many more (as a %) alcohol-related deaths were there in Chicago?
Was up 600%
65 of 67
Where in particular was prohibition widely ignored?
In the cities
66 of 67
Name 4 economical reasons why prohibition ended
7 biggest industry, Depression, loss of 1 million jobs loss of tax revenues
67 of 67

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define prohibition

Back

The banning of the making, distributing and selling of alcohol

Card 3

Front

What was it technically legal to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What date was the 18th Amendment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What/When was the Volstead Act?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all America - 19th and 20th century resources »