PROHIBITION 1920-33

  • Created by: Ciara_T
  • Created on: 18-05-18 18:59
WHY WAS IT INTRODUCED?
Women's Christian Temperance Movement: for families (drunk husbands) - scare stories from 'Dries' stats like 3k infants smothered by drunk parents
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INFLUENTIAL
banned in states // Industrialists big supporters - drunk workers // Politicians, rural voters // bc many breweries German run.. the enemy
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18th AMENDMENT:
banned ‘manufacture, sale or transportation of intoxicating liquors’, Volstead Act of 1920 enforced this law
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ENFORCEMENT PART 1
many say it was a failure - 30% fall in consumption // v unpop in Urban states, esp immigrants, part of culture // Fed Gov's 3000 low paid corrupt prohib agents
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PART 2
if too poor for speakeasies, made own illegal moonshine and 'bathtub gin' - 10k died from poisonous alcohols // Many ignored prohib - Pres Harding had drinks at white house // Prohib created a disregard for the law
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SUCCESSES
reduced road deaths // fall in convictions for drunken behaviors //improved safety in workplace
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WHY DID THE PROHIBITION FAIL: SUPPLY AND DEMAND
imposs to enforce effect in cities - easy agent corrup // 1925, more speakeasies > saloons // CA and MEX supplied illegally - border hard to patrol // Still set up, illegal whiskey
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:CORRUPTION
many law enforcement officers involved in the trade // big breweries birbed local gov officials etc // hard to convict because many judges also bribed
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GANGSTERS, BOOTLEGGERS AND SPEAKEASIES
b.leggers got alc overseas or illegal places in US - sold it to gangsters who'd run speakeasies - this then would boost prostitution, gambling etc// Al Capone! Took over the alc business, huge network of corrupt officials, lawyers etc
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

INFLUENTIAL

Back

banned in states // Industrialists big supporters - drunk workers // Politicians, rural voters // bc many breweries German run.. the enemy

Card 3

Front

18th AMENDMENT:

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

ENFORCEMENT PART 1

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

PART 2

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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