Product Design: Graphics

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One-Off Production
Referred as job production. Tailor-made or customised solutions. It is a single, often high-cost product – manufactured to client’s specification.
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Applictions of One-Off Production
Prototype and architectural models, shop signage, vinyl stickers for commercial vehicles, etc.
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Advantages of One-Off Production
Made to exact personal specifications. High-quality materials used. Highly skilled craftsperson ensures high-quality product.
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Disadvantages of One-Off Production
Expensive final product in comparison to larger scales of production. Generally, labour intensive and can be a relatively time-consuming process
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Batch Production
Involves manufacture of identical products in specified. Can vary from tens to thousands. Flexibility of tooling, machinery and workforce to enable fast turnaround – Allows production to be quickly adapted to manufacture a different product
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Applictions of Batch Production
Commercially printed materials, e.g. magazines and newspapers
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Advantages of Batch Production
Flexibility in adapting production to another product. Fast response to market trends. Identical batches of products produced. Efficient manufacturing systems can be employed. Very good economies of scale in bulk buying of materials. Lower unit costs
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Disadvantages of Batch Production
Poor production planning can result in large quantities of products having to be stored, incurring storage costs. Frequent changes in production can cause costly re-tooling, reflecting in retail price.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Prototype and architectural models, shop signage, vinyl stickers for commercial vehicles, etc.

Back

Applictions of One-Off Production

Card 3

Front

Made to exact personal specifications. High-quality materials used. Highly skilled craftsperson ensures high-quality product.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Expensive final product in comparison to larger scales of production. Generally, labour intensive and can be a relatively time-consuming process

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Involves manufacture of identical products in specified. Can vary from tens to thousands. Flexibility of tooling, machinery and workforce to enable fast turnaround – Allows production to be quickly adapted to manufacture a different product

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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