Product Design A2 Edexcel Flashcards

Thermochromic Pigments
Used in ‘chameleon’ kettles, which change colour when boiling and return to their original colour when cool
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Ergonomics
The science of designing products, systems and environments for human use
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Cable
A bundle of optical fibres that can carry many times more information than a telephone line and over longer distances without the signal quality decreasing
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Biodegradable Polymers
Materials derived from renewable raw materials that will decompose in the natural environment but that have all the other characteristics of their synthetic counterparts
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Art Deco
An international style of decoration and architecture that developed in the late 19th century, it forms a bridge between Arts and Crafts and Modernism
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GM Trees
Involves artificially inserting a gene from one plant into another producing a change in the tree’s biological characteristics
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Wireless
Connections are made by transmitting the internet to a user’s computer by means of radio signals
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Concurrent Manufacturing
All of the key people who work at each stage of the design and manufacturing process working together to make sure the changes to one part of the process will not require changes to be made at another
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CGI
Now commonplace in films; used to create visual effects that would not be possible using traditional means
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ADSL
The most popular type of broadband in the UK, a way of sending data along an existing telephone line that packs more information into the signal
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Kyoto Protocol
An amendment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change which sets targets for the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions
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QRM
Developed to make companies more efficient and hence profitable; requires the manufacturer to move from traditional batch production to ‘flow’ production
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EPOS
Enables a business to supply and deliver its products and services faster by reducing the time between the placing of an order and the delivery of a product through the use of laser read barcodes
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Kanban
Uses cards or containers as simple visual tools to indicate when to pull materials, components or products through the production system
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Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Describes the significant impact of computers on manufacturing
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Kaizen
Also known as continuous improvement, where small changes are made to the production process resulting in small improvements being made on a regular basis
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Art Nouveau
Widely used to describe the architectural and decorative arts style that emerged in France in the 1920s
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Compositing
The background and foreground of a scene are shot and then combined in this process
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Motion Capture
Involves a person wearing markers near every joint to identify the motion by the positions or angles between the markers
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ISDN
Provides fully integrated digital services to users comprising digital telephony and data transport services through existing telephone networks
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Artificial Intelligence
A machine that exhibits human intelligence and behaviour and can demonstrate the ability to learn and adapt through experience
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Rapid Prototyping
Producing solid models from a variety of materials including numerous plastics, ceramics, wood and metals by taking thin horizontal cross sections from a 3D computer model to construct the physical model layer by layer
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Arts and Crafts Movement
Grew out of a concern for the effect of industrialisation upon design, traditional craftsmanship and the lives of ordinary ‘working class’ people
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Flow Chart
A schematic representation of a system or process and indicates at which stage quality control should take place. A visual rather than text-based method of communication
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Global Marketplace
Companies selling their products all over the world
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Rotoscoping
Animation technique in which animators trace over live-action film movement, frame by frame, for use in animated films
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Bauhaus
Named after a new school of art and design which opened in Weimar, Germany after the first world war
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Obsolescence
Stimulating customer demand by designing products that wear out or become outmoded after limited use
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E-Mail
The simplest form of electronic communication
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Videoconferencing
Two or more locations interacting using two way video and audio transmissions simultaneously
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Anthropometrics
A branch of ergonomics that deals with human measurements, in particular their shapes and sizes.
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Industrial Robot
A system where several machines are linked together by a material handling system such as a conveyor system; integrates new technologies and is able to process more than one type of product at the same time
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3D Modelling
The process of developing a wireframe representation of any 3D object using specialised software which is then rendered with colour, texture and lighting effects
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Life Cycle Assesment
A technique now widely used to assess and evaluate the impact of a product or some packaging ‘from the cradle to the grave’
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Barcode
Detected by a laser because the dark areas reflect less light back on to a photoelectric cell than the light areas
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EDI
A way for companies to do ‘paperless’ business using a process that transfers documents through a computer network
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The science of designing products, systems and environments for human use

Back

Ergonomics

Card 3

Front

A bundle of optical fibres that can carry many times more information than a telephone line and over longer distances without the signal quality decreasing

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Materials derived from renewable raw materials that will decompose in the natural environment but that have all the other characteristics of their synthetic counterparts

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

An international style of decoration and architecture that developed in the late 19th century, it forms a bridge between Arts and Crafts and Modernism

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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