PRODUCT DESIGN AS

HideShow resource information
Give some examples of Hardwoods?
Beech, oak, ash, balsa, mahogany and teak
1 of 121
Give some examples of Softwoods?
Scots Pine, spruce, douglas fir and yellow cedar
2 of 121
What are some stock forms of Softwoods?
Rough Spawn and P.S.E
3 of 121
Give the classification of woods that the term Natural Woods refers to?
Hardwoods and Softwoods
4 of 121
Give some applications of Natural Woods?
Furniture, decorative products, construction
5 of 121
Give some applications of Hardwoods?
Furniture, flooring,toys, tool handle and model making (balsa)
6 of 121
Give some examples of Man-made Boards?
Plywood, aero ply, chipboard, MDF and hardboard
7 of 121
Give some applications of Man-made boards?
Furniture (cheap), work surfaces and modelling
8 of 121
Give some examples of Veneers Boards?
Beech, ash, oak, walnut, paper and foil backed
9 of 121
Give some examples of Laminates?
Formica, coated printed paper and foil laminates
10 of 121
Give some applications of Veneers & Laminates?
Decorative surfaces, laminate flooring, furniture (cheap)
11 of 121
What are Ferrous Metals?
Ferrous metals are metals that consist mostly of iron and small amounts of other elements. Ferrous metals are prone to rusting if exposed to moisture. Ferrous metals can also be picked up by a magnet
12 of 121
What are Non-ferrous Metals?
Non-ferrous metals are metals that do not have any iron in them at all. This means that Non-ferrous metals are not attracted to a magnet and they also do not rust in the same way when exposed to moisture
13 of 121
Give some examples of Ferrous Metals?
Mild steel, high carbon steel, cast and wrought iron
14 of 121
Give some examples of Non-ferrous Metals?
Aluminium, copper, zinc, gold, silver and titanium
15 of 121
What stock forms are Ferrous metals available in?
Sheet, bar, tube and angle
16 of 121
What stock forms are Non-ferrous Metals available in?
Sheet, tube and ingot
17 of 121
Give some applications of Ferrous Metals?
Car Body Panels, tools, white goods amd machine parts
18 of 121
Give some applications of Non-ferrous Metals?
Kitchen ware, jewellery, food wrapping, cans and electronics
19 of 121
What is an Metal Alloy?
A metal made by combining two or more metallic elements.
20 of 121
Give some examples of Ferrous Alloys?
Stainless Steel, high speed steel and die (tool steel)
21 of 121
Give some examples of Non-ferrous Alloys?
Bronze, brass, pewter, aluminium alloys
22 of 121
Give some applications of Ferrous Alloys?
Kitchen Ware, street furniture, cutting and press tools
23 of 121
Give some applications of Non-ferrous Alloys?
Ornaments, valves, boat fittings, sculpture, coins and jewellery
24 of 121
What are Thermoplastic Polymers?
Polymers which can be reheated and reshaped as many times as possible.
25 of 121
What are Thermosetting Polymers?
Polymers which can only be heated and shaped once.
26 of 121
Give some examples of Thermosetting Polymers?
Epoxy Resins, polyester resins, urea formaldehyde and melamine formaldehyde
27 of 121
Give some examples of Thermoplastics?
ABS, polypropelene (PP), PET, acrylic, HIP, Low and High density polyethylene, nylon and uPVC
28 of 121
Give applications of Thermoplastics?
Mobile Communication Products, toys, car parts, packaging, kitchen ware, pipes and window frames
29 of 121
Give applications of Thermosetting Polymers?
Decorative Laminates, casting, encapsulation, table ware and electrical fittings.
30 of 121
What are Biodegradable Polymers?
Biodegradable polymers are a specific type of polymer that breaks down after its intended purpose to result in natural byproducts such as gases (CO2, N2), water, biomass, and inorganic salts.
31 of 121
What are (Oxo-) Degradable Polymers?
Oxo-degradable plastics are made of petroleum-based polymers (usually polyethylene (PE)) that contain additives (usually metal salts), which accelerate their degradation when exposed to heat and/or light.
32 of 121
What are Compostable Polymers?
Compostable Plastics are a new generation of plastics which are biodegradable through composting
33 of 121
Give some examples of Compostable Polymers?
Cellulose based polymers such as Biopol, and corn starch based polymers such as Polylactide (PLA)
34 of 121
Give some applications of Biodegradable Plastics?
Carrier bags, plastic bottles and detergent sachets
35 of 121
Give some examples Absorbable/Water Soluble Polyers?
Lactide, glycolide, Ecofilm
36 of 121
What are some Medical application for Biodegradable polymers?
Slow release medication, bone repair fixings, detergent washing liquid sachets.
37 of 121
What are Elastomers?
A natural or synthetic polymer having elastic properties, e.g. rubber
38 of 121
Give some applications of Elastomers?
Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPE), Thermoplastic Rubber (TPR) and Liquid Silicon Rubber (LSR
39 of 121
Give some applications of Elastomers?
Car bumpers, and trims, product grips
40 of 121
What is a Composite Material?
A material which is made up of 2 or more constituent materials to create a material withe enhanced properties
41 of 121
Give examples of Fibre reinforced Polymers?
Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP), Carbon Fibre Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) and Kevlar
42 of 121
Give some examples of Particle based Composites?
Concrete, cermets and tungsten carbide
43 of 121
Give some examples of Sheet based Composites?
Man Made Boards, metal/polymer sheet
44 of 121
Give applications of Fibre Reinforced Plastics?
Boat building, sports car manufacture, performance sports equipment and body armour
45 of 121
Give applications of Concrete?
Structural building components, garden ornaments and paving
46 of 121
Give applications of Cermets?
Cutting Tools
47 of 121
What is a Cermet?
A cermet is a composite material composed of ceramic and metallic materials
48 of 121
Give examples of different types of Paper?
Layout paper, bleed proof, photo quality cartridge and watercolour
49 of 121
Give some applications of paper?
Design drawings, presentations and graphic products
50 of 121
Give examples of different types of Card?
Carton board, multi-sheet, laminated, corrugated, metal effects, and mount board
51 of 121
Give some applications of Card?
Model making and packaging
52 of 121
Reflective Films and Holograms are what type of material?
Compliant Material
53 of 121
Give some applications of Reflective films?
Reflective/warning patches, jewellery
54 of 121
Give an application of Holograms?
Security Holograms
55 of 121
Give examples of different types of Polymer based Sheet and Films?
Foam board, fluted and translucent polypropelene sheet, acetate, styrofoam, modelling foam, low density polyethylene sheet, and plastazote foam
56 of 121
give some applications of Polymer based Sheet and Films?
Packaging, point of sale displays and model making
57 of 121
What is a smart material?
Smart materials are designed materials that have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, electric or magnetic fields
58 of 121
Give some examples of Smart Materials?
Shape Memory Alloy, thermochromic pigment, thermochromic sheet, photochromatic pigment, phosphorescent pigment, polymorph.
59 of 121
Give an example and applications of Shape Memory Alloy?
Example: Nitonol Application: Flexible Spectacles, heat activated cable connectors, muscle wires, and fire sprinkler control.
60 of 121
Give an applications of Thermochromic Pigment?
Thermometers, baby feeding products, kettles, steam irons, thermal warning patches, and hi-tech jewellery.
61 of 121
Give an applications of Thermochromic sheet?
Thermal warning patches, battery condition indicators, and jewellery
62 of 121
Give an applications of Phtotochromatic Pigment?
Sunglasses, anti-flash visors, sun-blocking products and radiation detectors
63 of 121
Give an applications of Phosphorescent Pigment?
Emergencey exit signs, jewllery and toys
64 of 121
Give an applications of Polymorph?
Modelling Grip prototypes
65 of 121
Give some examples of Knock Down Fittings?
Barrel nut and bolt, corner plates, block connectors and dowels
66 of 121
Give a common application of Knock Down Fittings?
Flat Pack Furniture
67 of 121
Give some examples of Fastenings?
Wood screws, self tapping screws, and bolts
68 of 121
Give a common application of a Fastening?
Temporary Joining Methods
69 of 121
What adhesive is best for joining Acrylic?
Solvent cement, or Tensol 12
70 of 121
What adhesive is best for Woods and Papers?
PVA
71 of 121
What adhesive is best for joining Laminate to MDF?
Contact Adhesive (Evostik)
72 of 121
What adhesive is best for joining Metals to Woods?
Epoxy Resing (Araldite)
73 of 121
What adhesive is best used on Glass?
UV Hardening Adhesive (Super Glue Substitute)
74 of 121
What are the 3 R's?
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
75 of 121
How could you make the design of the Mobile Phone more Enviromentally Friendly
Use low-impact materials, reduction of materials used, reduce impact of distribution, reduce energy consumption in use, optimisation of product life time, optimisation of end of life.
76 of 121
Specify how you would use Low Impact Materials envriomentally improve the Mobile Phone?
Use recyled polymers for the casing, use recycled copper for the electronic components, do not use aluminium in the casing or internal parts, do not use materials banned under RoHS
77 of 121
Specifically how by Reducing the Impact of Distribution could you enviromentally improve the Mobile Phone?
Provide human powered or solar powered charger to charge batteries, use recylcled materials in packaging
78 of 121
Specifically how by reducing the energy consumption in use would you envriomentally improve the Mobile Phone?
Provide a charger that switches off chargers when the battery is charged or when the phone is unplugged from the charger, Provide human powered or solar powered charger to charge batteries
79 of 121
specifically how can we Optimise the product Life time to make the Mobile Phone eniromentally friendly?
Design the phone with classic styling that will not "date" the phone too quickly, provide downloadable softwareupgrades to update the functions of the phone, provide interchangeable casings to refresh your appearance, make the phone repairable
80 of 121
Specifically how can we Optimise the end of life to enviromentally improve the Mobile Phone?
Make the phone using smart shape memory alloy fastenings and actuators that will loosen and pop the casing and parts open when heated and aid the seperation of parts for recycling and reuse
81 of 121
What is Ergonomics?
The study of the interaction between the human body, products and enviroments
82 of 121
What is Anthropometrics?
The use of body sizes to improve the ergonomics of a product, system or enviroment
83 of 121
What percentile is the average size known as?
50th percentile
84 of 121
Between which Percentiles of data do designers use to design their products?
5th and 95th percentile
85 of 121
What is meant by Inclusive Design?
Inclusive design concerns developing products that can be used by the disabled people as well as other consumers
86 of 121
Give some examples of products that are specifically designed for the elderley?
Lever tap tops, kettle cradles, universal jar openers, elasticated and velcro-fastening clothing, seating with memory foam cushions
87 of 121
Give some information about BSI?
BSI: British standards Institution, it documents UK national standards for quality and safety in products and services. Companies can pay to get their product tested and if they pass they get the Kitemark.
88 of 121
What is meant by Fabrication (process)?
Is when you are joing or adding things together
89 of 121
Give examples of Traditional Joining Methods (Wood)?
Mortise and tenon, dowel, dovetail and comb
90 of 121
Give examples of other Wood Fabrication Methods?
Knock down fittings and fastenings
91 of 121
Give some examples of Permanent Joining Methods in Metals?
Soldering, brazing, riveting, welding
92 of 121
Give some examples of temporary Joining Methods in Metals?
Self tapping screws, machine screws, but and bolt
93 of 121
Give some examples of Temporary Joining Methods in Plastic?
Plastic welding, and bonding with adhesives
94 of 121
Give some examples of Forming Methods in Wood?
Steam bending, laminating
95 of 121
Give some examples of Forming techniques in Metals?
Press forming, cupping and deep drawing, drop forging and wrought ironforging techniques
96 of 121
Give some examples of Forming techniques in Plastics?
Vaccum forming, thermoforming and line bending
97 of 121
Give some (forming) "Lay-Up" resing techniques for Composites?
Laminating (E.g. glass fibre matt and coating it with polyester resin)
98 of 121
Give some examples of Composites which can be casted?
Concrete and Resin
99 of 121
Give some example of Redistribution Methods?
Casting; sand, die, investment. Extrusion techniques to manufacture bars and profiles.
100 of 121
Give some example of Redistribution Methods for Metals?
Casting , spinning and pressing
101 of 121
Give a Redistribution Method for Cermets?
Sintering
102 of 121
Give some Redistribution Methods for Polymers?
Rotation moulding, Injection moulding, blow moulding and compression moulding
103 of 121
Give some examples of Wasting Processes?
Drilling, turning, milling, profile or shape cutting using routers, flame cutting, laser cutting, piercing and blanking processes
104 of 121
What does CNC stand for?
Computer Numerical Control
105 of 121
Give some examples of CAM Processing?
CNC laser cutters for 2D cutting and engraving sheet materials, CNC routers for 3D maching of block and sheet materials, CNC plotter cutters for 2D printing and cutting of vinyl, use of 3D printers, stereo lithographic modellers to prototype designs.
106 of 121
Give some coomon forms of wood preservatives?
Water based, exterior, stains, yacht varnish and polyurethane varnish
107 of 121
Give some examples of wood finishes used to enhance the aesthetics of a material?
Gloss paints, stains, colour wash and wax finishes
108 of 121
Give some examples of methods of application of wood finishes?
Spray, dip and pressure treating and also laminate coverings for sheet materials
109 of 121
Give some examples of Primers?
Zinc and red oxide primers
110 of 121
Give some examples of Paints?
Acrylic, cellulose and oil based
111 of 121
Give some applications of Paints?
Brush, spraying, dip and powder coating
112 of 121
Give examples of Plating (Metals)?
Chrome, silver and tin plated
113 of 121
What is Galvanizing?
The coating of iron or steel with protective layer of zinc
114 of 121
What is Plastic Dip Coating?
This is wherethe metal based component is finshed with a plastic coating this is done by using the air flow to fluidize the plastic powder and heat is used on the product going to be coated, the plastic sets on the product as it cools.
115 of 121
Give some examples of Finishing Materials and Processes?
Colour pigments, stabilisers and applied finishes such as; Acrylic paints and chrome effects.
116 of 121
What does COSHH stand for?
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
117 of 121
Under the COSHH regulations what are employers obliged to do?
Make workplace riskfree and safe/Make machinery safe to use/Removal and storage of dangerous items/Sufficient welfare facilities/Provide info,training and supervision for health and safety.
118 of 121
Give examples of Quality of Control checks?
Inspection of stock materials for defects, use of calipers/micrometers, drilling jigsand templates, mitre saws and mitre blocks, welding jigs or fixtures.
119 of 121
What is meant by the term CNC?
The control of machines such as lathes, drill, punches and so on, using a special machine programming language, which can be generated from CAD drawings.
120 of 121
Give examples of CAM processing?
CNC laser cutters for 2D cutting and engraving sheet materials/CNC routers for 3D machining of block and sheet materials/CNC plotter cutters for 2D printing and cutting of vinyl/Use of 3D printers or stereo lithographic modellers to prototype designs
121 of 121

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give some examples of Softwoods?

Back

Scots Pine, spruce, douglas fir and yellow cedar

Card 3

Front

What are some stock forms of Softwoods?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give the classification of woods that the term Natural Woods refers to?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give some applications of Natural Woods?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Design Technology: Product Design resources:

See all Design Technology: Product Design resources »See all PRODUCT DESIGN resources »