Prisons

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Briefly describe prisons in the 1700s
fees, mixed prisoners, mainly debtors, hulks used, overcrowding
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When did John Howard publish 'The state of prisons in England and Wales'
1777
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When did the charging of fees to prisoners end?
1815
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What was the seperate system?
individual cells, left cells only for religious services, Pentoville prison a good example
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What were the problems with the seperate system?
solitray confinement= prisoners went mad,too expensive
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What was the silent sytem?
Prisosners worked together but in silence.
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What were the problems with the silent sytem?
needed great discipline to be effective
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Name some pointless work
Oakum picking, treadwheel, crank
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When was the crank abolished?
1902
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Briefly describe the work of Elizabeth Fry
Fry helped to bring about the changes in Newgate prison which were later introduced to other prisons. She provided clothing and furniture, female warders and schools for women and children in prison which focused on religious education
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When was the first prison solely for young prisoners opened?
1838
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What was the impact of the 1823 Gaols act?
prisons had to be healthy, jailors had to be paid, warders wore a uniform, magistartes had to check on prisons, prisoners had to attend religious insctruction.
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When was the seperate system used?
around 1850
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When was the silent system used?
about 1870
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What alternatives to prisons were used in the 21st century?
tagging, curfews,ASBOS, probation, community service
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How did the prison regime change after 1900?
1896- Broadmoor opened to house mentally ill, 1902 Crank abandoned, first open priosn
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Why did prisons change in the 20th century?
Crime and fear of crime reduced, old belief about inheritance of criminal tendencies declined, more of a focus on reforming the criminal.
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How have prisons become under strain in the 20th century?
prison population rose, overcrowding a problem in the 1980s, shortage of staff, prison riots.
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What had the greatest impact on juvenile crime?
1870 education act - Made school compulsory
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What was a borstal?
a special reform prison for young people. Like a boarding school.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When did John Howard publish 'The state of prisons in England and Wales'

Back

1777

Card 3

Front

When did the charging of fees to prisoners end?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the seperate system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the problems with the seperate system?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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