Pressure Groups Key Terms

Pluralism
A theory which suggests that power in a society does not rest with the electorate, nor with the governing elite, but is distributed amongst a number of groups representing widely different interests within society
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Elitism
A theory which suggests that political power within a society rests with a small group who gain power through wealth, family status or intellectual superiority
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Lobbying
An attempt to exert influence on the policy-making, legislative or judicial process by individuals or organised groups
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Access Points
Points in the governmental and political system at which pressure groups can gain access to the decision-making process
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Single-Issue Groups
Groups who are looking to address one issue or policy area rather than protecting an institution or social group
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Corporate Power
When firms and big corporations have influence over politicians because they offer financial backing
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Direct Action
A form of pressure group activity that most often favours the use of non/violent physical protest over the more traditional form of lobbying such as emails or petitions
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Iron Triangle
A term used to describe a strong relationship between groups, congressional committees and government departments in an attempt to guarantee the policy outcomes to benefit all three parties involved
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Clientelism
Agencies tend to serve the interests of those whom they are supposed to be overseeing. This is seen as a particular problem with the regulatory commissions. Special interests are protected at the expense of public interest
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A theory which suggests that political power within a society rests with a small group who gain power through wealth, family status or intellectual superiority

Back

Elitism

Card 3

Front

An attempt to exert influence on the policy-making, legislative or judicial process by individuals or organised groups

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Points in the governmental and political system at which pressure groups can gain access to the decision-making process

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Groups who are looking to address one issue or policy area rather than protecting an institution or social group

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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