Pressure Groups

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What is a Pressure Group?
Advance specific cause for members,try to influence government policy. Act beneath the state and above the family - 'civil society'.Want to see change in policy but are more likely to support existing political and social framework of society.
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Why has there been an increase in pressure groups in recent years?
Society become more complex, more enthnic diversity, society wanting to reign in governments power, the web, people more interested in single issue, post materialist age.
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What are Defensive Groups?
seek to DEFEND the interests of people or categories of people in society
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What are Campaigning groups?
Those who seek to advance particular causes
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Who created the insider/outsider typology?
Wyn Grant (2000)
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Who created the typology that pressure groups seek to protect and promote?
Stewart (1958)
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What is a single issue group?
involves political campaigning or political support based on one essential policy area or idea.
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What are the main functions of a pressure group?
Encouraging public participation, providing channels of communication (between government and society), protecting minority rights, providing expert info to the government, mobilising public support (direct action).
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What is direct action?
the use of strikes, demonstrations, or other public forms of protest rather than negotiation to achieve one's demands. (UK Uncut)
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What are the similarities between Pressure Groups and Political Parties?
Labour - trade unions overlap, Within parties-peopleseek to influence party thinking (Tory Reform Club, Tribune Group) could be seen as pressure groups, Centre for policy studies(right wing)share outlook of party but diff policy,some are elected in
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What are the differences between Pressure Groups and Political Parties?
do not seen to win elections to gain political office, they want to influence those in office. Their goals do no cover a whole range of public policy, some aspirations may be non political.
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What are sectional groups?
protectionist groups, private interest groups, or interest groups. Seek to advance common interests of a certain section of society. BMA - have to be qualifying of qualified in the subject to join the group.
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What are cause groups?
Seek to promote specific set of objectives not always direct benefit to their members. Plane stupid, RSPB.
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What are peak groups?
combined organisations with common interest and can be powerful - Trade Union Congress
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What has happened to the classification of sectional and cause groups?
The boundary become increasingly blurred, leading to criticism. some Sectional groups like to label themselves as Cause groups in order to promote wider moral benefits of their interests. NUT- educational and economic interests of members.
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What are social movements?
Large bodies of people united around a certain issue - a group of people with a common ideology THAT IS OF CONTINUING SIGNIFICANCE who try together to achieve certain general goals. The women's movement
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What is a new social movement?
Emerged since 1960's in order to influence public policy such as environment, nuclear energy, peace and women's rights. Aim to bring out fundamental change. Aims that are less likely to be absorbed into political system.
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What is an insider group?
Insider groups are seen as having political legitimacy with the government of the day. They should be able to access and consult with the senior echelons of Government and the Civil Service machinery.
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What are outsider groups?
Range from ideological ousiders-position themselves outside mainstream politics(greenpeace), to normal outsiders whose chosen methods mean they will never be consulted (fathers4justice), or potential aspiring insiders.
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What are the differences between insider and outsider groups?
Insider-have access at high political level and can have influence, ousider-have to rely on public opinion more to get govt to listen, refer to wynn grant
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why has there been an increase in pressure groups in recent years?

Back

Society become more complex, more enthnic diversity, society wanting to reign in governments power, the web, people more interested in single issue, post materialist age.

Card 3

Front

What are Defensive Groups?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are Campaigning groups?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who created the insider/outsider typology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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