Pressure Groups

Define what a pressure group is?
Pressure Group is the formal or informal association, whose purpose is to further the interests of a specific section of society or to promote a particular cause by influencing the government or public or both
1 of 16
What are features of a pressure group?
Ton influence the decision makers NOT to make decision themselves, to influence the details of the decisions, operate on narrow and on specific issue, operate at different levels of government
2 of 16
What are the different levels of government that pressure group operates on?
Policy bodies ( ministers,civil servants) , The Westminster Parliament, Devolved bodies, Local government( when issues are local), The EU ( Not anymore) , law courts
3 of 16
How pressure groups is different to the political parties (1)
The political party's ultimate ambition is to from a government.If the pressure group puts their own candidates for the election is only because they want to create a PUBLICITY for their cause
4 of 16
How pressure Group is different from a political parties?(2)
Pressure Groups are seeking to influence the government. For example Make Poverty History pressure groups wants to persuade the government to cancel the African Debt and increase the aid
5 of 16
How Pressure Group is different from a political parties ?(3)
Most Pressure Groups are not accountable except from their members whereas parties have to accept responsibility for all the policies they propose. For example Greenpeace campaigns against the GM crops
6 of 16
How pressure group is different to the political parties? (4)
Political parties adopt the polices across full range of policies and thus create a very broad manifesto commitments whereas PGs focus on specific cause or section of society
7 of 16
Explain the functions of the pressure group (1)
Pressure Groups provide a representative function. PGs either represent the specific section of the public ( Muslim Council of Britain) or best interests of the whole community (Liberty)
8 of 16
Explain the functions of the pressure group (2)
Some PGs are playing key part in the formulation of the policy because they possess great knowledge that keeps the government informed and helps to improve the quality of the policy eg. NFU agricultural policy, NSPCC for children relating issues
9 of 16
Explain the functions of the pressure group (3)
Pressure group provide educative role, which allows them to inform the public about significant political issues. For example Friends of the Earths produce mass amount information about harmful effects of the global warming
10 of 16
Explain the functions of the pressure group (4)
PGs often scrutinise legislative and policy proposals,suggesting how to make the legislation more fairer and effective. For example BMA and RCN have helped to amended Health Social Care Act 2011-12
11 of 16
Explain the functions of the pressure group (5)
PGs provide the function of the'tension release'. It is vital for peaceful society to maintain to allow an outlet of feelings eg Occupy Movement protested 'excesses of the financial world'
12 of 16
How pressure groups can be seen similar to political parties (1)
Some political parties just like the pressure groups operate and focus exclusively on one single issues.For example the Green Party has very environmental agenda just like Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth.
13 of 16
How pressure groups can be seen similar to the political parties (2)
On the other hand some large pressure groups adopt wide range of policies. For example environment is such all-encompassing issue that Friends of the Earth developed policies on Transport, Trade, Agriculture, Foreign Policy
14 of 16
How pressure groups can be seen similar to the political parties (3)
Some pressure groups work so closely with political parties, that it became diffcult for the public to distinguish between them. For example Unlock Democracy work very closely with Liberal Democrats and CBI works closely with the Tory Party
15 of 16
What are the methods used by the Pressure Groups?
Lobbying, Retaining Fees, Direct Action,the Internet, Petitions
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are features of a pressure group?

Back

Ton influence the decision makers NOT to make decision themselves, to influence the details of the decisions, operate on narrow and on specific issue, operate at different levels of government

Card 3

Front

What are the different levels of government that pressure group operates on?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How pressure groups is different to the political parties (1)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How pressure Group is different from a political parties?(2)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Government & Politics resources:

See all Government & Politics resources »See all UK pressure groups and protest movements resources »