Presidents, Secretary of State, and Defence Policy Views

A summary of the policy views of the presidents and their secretaries of state and defence 

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  • Created by: TessAni
  • Created on: 17-01-13 12:16
Harry S. Truman - Dates and Party
1945 - 20th January 1953; Democrats
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Harry S. Truman - Key Moments
Potsdam Conference; fall of China to communism; defensive perimeter; Korean War; supported France in Indochina
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George Marshall - Role, President and Views
Truman; Secretary of State; Containment, spearheaded Marshall Plan and Truman Doctrine
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Dean Acheson - Role, President and Views
Truman, Secretary of State; Sought detente with USSR, designed NATO; saw loss of China as inevitable; McCarthyists called him an appeaser; one of the 'Wise Men' who supported then opposed Vietnam
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George Marshall (1950-51) - Role, President and Views
Truman, Secretary of Defence; rearmed for Korean War
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Robert Lovett - Role, President and Views
Truman, Secretary of Defence; Rearmament
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Dwight D. Eisenhower - Dates and Party
1953 - 1961; Republican Party
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Dwight D. Eisenhower - Key Moments
Used threat of atom bomb; ended Korean War; signed Geneva Accords; sent aid to Diem regime
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John Foster Dulles - Role, President and Views
Secretary of State; Eisenhower; Supported French in Indochina; built up NATO and SEATO; very anti-communist; escalated Cold War tensions
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Charles Wilson - Role, President and Views
Defence; Eisenhower; cut defence budget
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Neil McElroy - Role, President and Views
Defence; Eisenhower; prioritised space race over missiles
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Thomas Gates - Role, President and Views
Defence, Eisenhower; closed the 'missile gap'; massive retaliation policy
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John F. Kennedy - Dates and Party
1961 - 22nd November 1963; Democrat
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John F. Kennedy - Key Moments
Laos Treaty; sent 16,000 military advisers to Vietnam, created Green Berets, assassination of Diem,
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Lyndon B. Johnson - Dates and Party
November 1963 - January 1969; Democrat
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Lyndon B. Johnson - Key Moments
1964 landslide election; rapid escalation of US troops in Vietnam; Gulf of Tonkin Resolution; Operation Rolling Thunder; provoked anti-war protests
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Dean Rusk - Role, President and Views
Kennedy and Johnson; State; began as cautious diplomat and clashed with Kennedy; advocate of anti-communist military action; pro-Vietnam and target of protests
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Robert McNamara - Role, President and Views
Kennedy & Johnson; Defence; Cuban Missile Crisis; Green Berets; strategic bombing; MAD; escalation of US forces in Vietnam; resigned disillusioned in 1968
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Clark Clifford - Role, President and Views
Johnson; Defence; Vietnam self-determination; ended bombing; disagreed with escalation of Vietnam; SALT
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Richard M. Nixon - Dates and Party
1969 - August 1974 (resignation); Republican
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Richard M. Nixon - Key Moments
Peace 'with honour' in Vietnam in 1973; detente with USSR and China; Watergate scandal leading to his resignation
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Gerald R. Ford - Dates and Party
August 1974 - 1976; Republican
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Gerald R. Ford - Key Moments
Never inaugurated; fall of Saigon 1975; Communist control of all Vietnam
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William Rogers - Role, President and Views
Nixon; State; not many, eclipsed by Kissinger
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Henry Kissinger - Role, President and Views
Nixon, State; SALT; detente with USSR and China; target of anti-War protests; Vietnamisation; key role in bombing of Cambodia bringing Pol Pot to power
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Melvin Laird - Role, President and Views
Defence; Nixon; nuclear priority with SATL; Cambodia; Laos; Vietnamisation; disagreed on lengthy withdrawal from Vietnam; aided Paris agreement; suspended Draft
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James Schlesinger - Role, President and Views
Defence; Nixon; prioritised conventional forces
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Card 2

Front

Harry S. Truman - Key Moments

Back

Potsdam Conference; fall of China to communism; defensive perimeter; Korean War; supported France in Indochina

Card 3

Front

George Marshall - Role, President and Views

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Dean Acheson - Role, President and Views

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

George Marshall (1950-51) - Role, President and Views

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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