Diet, Health & Care of Child definitions

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Balanced Diet
Diet that provides all the body's needs
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'5 a day'
Recommended portions of fruit and veg that should be eaten every day
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EARS ( Estimated over-age requirements)
Estimate of the energy a person needs to get from food
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RNIs (Reference nutrient intake)
Estimate of an average person's nutrient needs to come from food
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'eat well plate'
Visual image of the recommended daily proportions to come from 5 food groups
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Deficiency
Lack of something causing negative effect
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Anaemia
Not enough red blood cells - diet lacks iron
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Food additives
Natural or chemical substances added to food
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Allergens
Natural substances that cause allergies
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Kosher
Food cleaned and prepared according to Jewish beliefs
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Colostrum
Rich, creamy milk produced by mother
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Antibodies
Defensive system in the body
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Foremilk
Initial milk produced during breastfeeding
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Hind milk
Second, richer milk produced during breastfeeding
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Lactose
A milk-sugar in cows milk
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Gastroenteritis
Bacterial infection in the stomach
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Mastitis
Painful inflammation of the breast
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Engorgement
Breast over full with milk
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Sterilisation
Method of cleaning that destroys germs
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Weaning
Gradual introduction of solid foods
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Food allergy
Body's immune system thinks food is harmful and fights against it
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Food Intolerance
Body's digestive system does not produce enough of an enzyme to digest it
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Coeliac Disease
Intolerance of gluten which is found in wheat, rye, barley and oats
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Anaphylaxis
Severe and sometives life threatening allergic reations
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Obestity
Being seriously overweight risking health problems
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Good hygiene practice
Careful hand washing before handling food, after going to the toilet, changing a nappy or sneezing
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Personal care
Keeping self generally clean
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Cross infection
Passing of germs from one person to another
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Vaccination
Procedure to protect against infectious illnesses
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Immunisation programme
Set of vaccinations gradually building up protection
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Pyrexia
Raised temperature over 37.5
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Dehydration
Loss of too much fluid from the body
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Febrile convulsion
Severe reaction by children to high temperature
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Ward play worker
Trained nurse who understands specific needs of children in hospital
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Passive smoking
Breathing in of tobacco smoke
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

'5 a day'

Back

Recommended portions of fruit and veg that should be eaten every day

Card 3

Front

EARS ( Estimated over-age requirements)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

RNIs (Reference nutrient intake)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

'eat well plate'

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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