Britain in the 1920s

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Give the British perspective on the treaty of versailles
Too harsh, german recovery needed
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Give the french perspective on the Treaty of versailles
Not harsh enough, needed to make sure Germany couldn't recover
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What were Britain's views on France's handling of the TOV
Unhappy with French treatment of Germany
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What, and when was the Young Plan?
1929 - A plan to help Germany settle its loan repayments
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What, and when was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
1928 - Agreement between Germany, USA and France that war wouldn't be used to resolve disputes
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When and what was the Locarno Pact?
1925 - Confirmation of borders within Europe
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Why was the Locarno Pact criticised?
Because it only guaranteed Western Borders, implying that Eastern ones could be challenged
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When and what was the Zinoviev letter?
1924 - A controversial letter sent to labour party by a communist, published by daily mail
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Significance of the Zinoviev letter
Characterised distrustful relationship between East + West
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What, and when was the Dawes Plan
1924 - American loans to Germany, which were recalled following the WSC
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What and when was the Washington Naval Agreement?
1922 - Britain and USA 5 Ships : Japan 3 Ships : Italy + France 1.75 ships in the Capital ship ratio
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Criticism of the washington naval agreement
10 year halt on capital ships meant they became outdated, naval race in non-capital ships, lost alliance with japan
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What proof is there to show that Britain had a narrower focus on its empire?
Britain abandoned free trade and returned to imperial preference.
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When and what was the Import Duties Act?
1932 - 10% Tax on imports
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What is one reason why there was a feeling of pacifism within Britain?
Anti-war literature and poems, horror of WW1
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What clearly shows the British public's feeling of pacifism and reluctance to disarm
The East Fulham By-Election - October 1933
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Describe the East Fulham By-Election
Conservative candidate advocated increased defence spending, labour pacifist opposed. Conservative majority of 14,000 turned into labour 5000 majority.
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When was the World Disarmament Conference
Geneva - 1932.
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Name two government figures who opposed hitler from the start
Churchill and Vansittart
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When did Japan invade Manchuria?
1931
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Why didn't Britain react to the invasion of Manchuria?
Domestic problems, historic sympathy for japan, concern for British interests in Far east
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What and when was the Stresa front?
April 1935 - Agreement by Britain France and Italy that they would resist any act by force from Germany to revise Treaty of Versailles?
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When and what was the Anglo - German naval Agreement?
June 1935 - Germany could build 35% of Britain's ships. Parity in subs.
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How did the Anglo - German naval agreement undermine the Stresa front?
It allowed for a larger navy than that sanctioned under Treaty of Versailles?
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List 3 consequences of the Abyssinian war?
Hoare Laval Pact made Britain and France look weak. 'Death Blow' to league of nations, pushed Mussolini closer to Hitler and eventually lead to the Rome Berlin Axis.
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When and what was the Rome-Berlin axis
1936 - Coalition between Italy and Germany
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When and what was the Hoare-Laval pact?
1935 - Provisional plan to give a third of Abyssinia's land away to Italy
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Why didn't Britain react over the remilitarisation of the Rhineland?
Hitler's own land, French government only looked to Britain.
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What effect did the Spanish War have on British Foreign Policy?
Showed the power of the bomber but also the importance of avoiding war
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What and when was the Ottowa conference?
1932 - Agreement to abolish free trade and return to imperial preference
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When was the attempted Austrian Putsch
1934
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When did Hitler announce rearmament?
1935
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When was the Franco-Soviet alliance? Why did it happen?
1935 - Hitler announced rearmament
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What did the Franco-Soviet lead to?
Anglo German Naval Agreement
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When was the Rhineland Occupied?
1936
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What was the non-intervention committee?
An agreement in 1936 to not get involved in the Spanish Civil War. Signed by Britain, France, Germany, Russia, Italy.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Give the french perspective on the Treaty of versailles

Back

Not harsh enough, needed to make sure Germany couldn't recover

Card 3

Front

What were Britain's views on France's handling of the TOV

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What, and when was the Young Plan?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What, and when was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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