Practical Skill Acquisition

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  • Created by: ellward
  • Created on: 02-12-14 20:01
Command Style
the teacher makes all the decisions, no input from the learner, no alternatives considered
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Reciprical Learning
learners in pairs, performer and observer. Observer gives feedback to the performer. Teacher in control still.
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Discovery Learning
teacher sets the problem but the learner finds the solution either with help from the teacher or on their own
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Problem-Solving Approach
teacher sets a problem and the learner finds a solution dependent upon their own qualities
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Whole Practice Method
the complete skill is practised without any attempt to break it down into sub-routines
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Progressive Part
a method of practice where a skill is broken down into parts, each part learnt and then linked in and practised as a sequence
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Whole-Part-Whole
skill is performed as a whole then broken into parts, a part is practised, then the skill is practised as a whole again
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Distributed Practice
when the time available is broken down into smaller time blocks, with rest periods
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Massed Practice
when the performer practises for the whole of the time available, with no breaks
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Mental Practice
the mental or cognitive rehearsal of a movement or skill, with no actual physical movement taking place
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Verbal Guidance
the use of speech to describe the desired movement or to use key words to cue the learner's attention
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Mechanical/Manual Guidance
the production of the correct movement by the use of mechanical aids or by the support of the coach
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Feedback
any information received by the learner as a result of a movement
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Intrinsic Feedback
information about movement that comes from the proprioceptors within the body. Internal feedback
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Kinaesthesis Feedback
a term for information that is received from the sense organs within the muscles, tendons and ligaments that give the body information about body position and movement
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Terminal Feedback
information about the performance received after the completion of the movement
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Delayed Feedback
terminal feedback that is given some time after the event
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Concurrent Feedback
information about the performance that is received during the movement, can be intrinsic or extrinsic
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Positive Feedback
praise and acknowledgement of a correct or successful action
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Negative Feeback
external information about how a movement was incorrect or could have been better, critical comments
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Knowledge of Results (KR)
feedback in the form of information about how successful the movement was in accomplishing the task
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Knowledge of Performance (KP)
information given as feedback as to how well the movement was performed, regardless of the end result
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

learners in pairs, performer and observer. Observer gives feedback to the performer. Teacher in control still.

Back

Reciprical Learning

Card 3

Front

teacher sets the problem but the learner finds the solution either with help from the teacher or on their own

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

teacher sets a problem and the learner finds a solution dependent upon their own qualities

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the complete skill is practised without any attempt to break it down into sub-routines

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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