Powerpoint 1

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Define aetiology
The cause of an injury
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What is the first step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?
1. Establish the extent of the problem: incidence and severity.
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What is the second step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?
2. Establish the aetiology and mechanism of injury.
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What is the third step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?
3. Introduce a preventative measure.
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What is the fourth step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?
4. Assess its effectiveness by repeating step 1
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List internal risk factors for injury.
Age, gender, body composition, health, physical fitness, anatomy and skill level
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List external risk factors for injury.
Human factors, protective equipment, sports equipment and environment
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List injury prevention methods.
Screening, physical conditioning, warm-up, stretching (static, ballistic and dynamic), taping and bracing, protective and suitable equipment, appropriate surfaces and training, adequate recovery, psychology and nutrition
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List injury recovery methods.
Warm-down or active recovery, deep-water running, ice immersion, contrast baths, whirlpools and spas, soft tissue massage, lifestyle factors, role of nutrition and role of psychology
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What is an injury?
Injury is the medical term for cellular damage. Injured soft tissue consists of dead cells, extracellular substance and extravasated blood
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What are the three stages of inflammation?
1. Vasodilation. 2. Phagocyte migration. 3. Repair.
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List signs and symptoms of inflammation.
Calor, rubor, dolor, tumor, functio laesa
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What is a tumor?
Takes a few hours. Histamine, kinines and serotonin released from damaged cells. Increases local blood vessel permeability. Increases osmolarity. Large net outflow of fluid from the blood
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What is dolor?
Pain. Paingate theory. Caused by chemicals released by dying and damaged cells acting on the bare nerve ending of pain fibres.
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Briefly describe the healing and repair after an injury.
Begins about 12 hours after injury. New capillaries grow towards site. Canalise and fill with blood. Fibroblasts move towards injury. By day 5, fibrils of collagen are laid down.
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Card 2

Front

What is the first step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?

Back

1. Establish the extent of the problem: incidence and severity.

Card 3

Front

What is the second step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the third step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the fourth step in the sequence for prevention of sports injuries?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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