Power Theorists

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Grice's Maxims - Quality
Speakers should tell the truth
1 of 18
Grice's Maxims - Quantity
A contribution should be as informative as required, not too little or too much
2 of 18
Grice's Maxims - Relevance
A contribution should relation clearly to the exchange
3 of 18
Grice's Maxims - Manner
A contribution should be clear, orderly, avoiding obscurity and ambiguity
4 of 18
Face
The image that we present of ourselves to others
5 of 18
Wareing - Political Power
Those with power of law
6 of 18
Wareing - Personal Power
Power due to their job/role
7 of 18
Social Group Power
Power by gender, age, class, etc.
8 of 18
Fairclough - Instrumental Power
Used by individuals or groups to maintain and enforce anything
9 of 18
Fairclough - Influential Power
Used to influence and persuade others
10 of 18
William Labov - Convergence
A speaker changes their language use to copy/fit in with other speaker
11 of 18
William Labov - Divergence
A speaker changes their language to go against/be different to another speaker
12 of 18
Howard Giles - Overt Prestige
Open and obvious respect
13 of 18
Howard Giles - Covert Prestige
Hidden and not obvious respect
14 of 18
Power Asymmetry
Speakers fighting for power
15 of 18
Unequal Encounter
One is more powerful than the other
16 of 18
Flouting Maxims
Not following Grice's Maxims
17 of 18
Mitigation
A question disguised as a declarative or masked imperatives
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A contribution should be as informative as required, not too little or too much

Back

Grice's Maxims - Quantity

Card 3

Front

A contribution should relation clearly to the exchange

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A contribution should be clear, orderly, avoiding obscurity and ambiguity

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The image that we present of ourselves to others

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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