Power of the PM

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What is the power of Patronage?
The power of patronage gives the PM the power to appoint and dismiss ministers.
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How does a reshuffle highlight the power of Patronage?
A reshuffle reminds the ministers, and public, who is in charge. It also is a way for the PM to dismiss any minister who undermines him.
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Explain the reshuffle under Brown.
Brown carried out the largest cabinet reshuffle in 100 years, sacking 11 ministers.
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Explain the reshuffle under Cameron.
Cameron shifted his government to the right during his reshuffle, weakening the Lib-Dem's power. He moved people with left leaning views (eg.Greening, who strongly opposed a third runway at Heathrow) and replaced them with right leaning ministers.
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What limits does the power of Patronage hold?
The PM needs to think about what is good for the party and who is popular in the public eye. Also, the coalition weakkens the power as members of the supporting party must also be in cabinet.
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Why did Ken Clarke urge Cameron to sack him?
He was a justice minister with very liberal views but was popular among the public and if Cameron was to demote him it would be seen as a lurch to the right.
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How did Robin Cook undermine Blair's power of patronage?
He resigned from cabinet in the build up to Iraq war due to personal believes. This led to disquiet amongst back-benchers.
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What is the PM's power within Government?
The PM dominates setting it's priorities and sets cabinet agendas and chairs meetings.
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How can this undermined cabinet government?
Under Blair and Thatcher the lerdership within government increased through bilateral meetings; where choices were made outside cabinet.
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Why does the PM need cabinet on his side?
He needs support in his polices to get the bills pushed through and also to create a strong, stable government; that the public believe in and in turn, retain party loyalty.
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Why is it better for an MP to have a majority government?
It helps bills be passed easier through parliament and helps persuade the rest of the MP's over policies
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How can Whips effect the PM's power in Parliament?
Passing a policy effectivly relies on the MP's and the effectiveness of Whips to encourage "For" voters.
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How does the Iraq war link into the PM's Power in Parliament?
In March 2003 Blair could not have gone to war if parliament had not accepted his case for war.
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How does the media effect the PM's power?
Through the mass media, we see politics everyday and it gives the PM a chance to flow information to all people. It helps promote their image.
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What are spin-doctors? Give an example.
Blair used spin-doctors and released information at opportunistic times.
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How did the TV debates (2010) effect the PM's power?
The TV debates showed Brown to be emotionless, whilst leading to Clegg Mania!
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How did the death of Kelly effect Blair's powers?
The Iraq war was said to have taken place due to "sexed up" evidence. Kelly told the BBC that there was no reliable evidnce fot the war and was later found to have committed "suicide". This showed the PM to look untrustworthy.
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Name Norton's 4 leadership styles.
Innovator, reforms, egotists and balancers.
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What is an innovator?
They are ideologically motivated and prepared to risk unpopularity to achieve a goal.
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Give an example of an innovator.
Thatcher- privatising industries
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What is a reformer?
Seek power to achieve a party goal.
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What is an egotist?
Seek power to retain control and maximize their power NOW.
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Give an example of a egotist.
Clegg thinks about now policies- Uni fees
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What is a Balancer?
Seek to ensure peace in their party and stability. They are often seen as too nice.
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Give an example of a Balancer.
Major- he listen to MP's and allowed them to express their views. However, this made him seem weak as he didn't take any head on decisions and so people thought he had no real desire for office.
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How does Burch's ideas of minister styles differ from Norton's?
He classed them based on how the treat their colleagues.
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Name the 3 minister classifications according to Burch.
Delegators, Intervenors and Overseers
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What is a delegator?
Trust ministers (Major)
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What is a Intervenor?
Invlove themselves directly through meetings (Blair)
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What is an overseer?
Oversee all ministers, ensuring they are working to meet objectives.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How does a reshuffle highlight the power of Patronage?

Back

A reshuffle reminds the ministers, and public, who is in charge. It also is a way for the PM to dismiss any minister who undermines him.

Card 3

Front

Explain the reshuffle under Brown.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Explain the reshuffle under Cameron.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What limits does the power of Patronage hold?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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