Poverty , inequality + unemployment

Absolute Poverty
Being below the level necessary to sustain basic life. Below substinence
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Relative Poverty
Different levels of poverty depending on the society they live within.
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Adam Smith 1776
A linen shirt, for example, is strictly speaking not a necessity of life… but in the present time… a creditable day labourer would be ashamed to appear in public without a linen shirt’.
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Joseph Rowntree Foundation
means not being able to heat your home, pay your rent, or buy the essentials for your children. It means waking up every day facing insecurity, uncertainty, and impossible decisions about money. It means facing marginalisation – and even discriminati
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Individual (causes)
- Behavioural - Stereotyped and publicised by the media + government - People who are deserving/ undeserving (historic view)
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- Economic systems and the distribution of health - a complex blend of structural issues relating to macro-economic, political, social and individual factors.
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Macro - economic
structure of labour market , housing market , low pay, irregular hours , insecure employment
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social security payments, recent social security payments
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gender , lone parents ,disability ,age , race.
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Not major causes , but are seen as it
Addiction (usually portrayed as drugs/alcohol) ,poor parenting, Being bad at relationships, Low educational attainment, Worklessness (what does that even mean?), Debt, Personal characteristics and behaviours
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Actual reasons
Employment law designed to prevent insecurity at work, Labour market flexible, 0-hour contracts
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Income inequality
The amount someones earns
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Wealth inequality
savings & assets
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The Gini Coefficient Devised by Gorrado Gini in 1912
Calculation of a country’s income inequality on a 0 – 100 scale
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Relative Poverty


Different levels of poverty depending on the society they live within.

Card 3


Adam Smith 1776


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Card 4


Joseph Rowntree Foundation


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Individual (causes)


Preview of the front of card 5
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