Poverty and Inequality Definitions

Human development Index
a score between 0-1 a country gets based on levels of wealth, health and education
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Human Poverty Index
an indication of standard of living with a focus on healthcare, water and food
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GDP per Capita
measure of average income per person
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The Development Gap
Widening difference in levels of development between the world's richest and poorest countries
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Gini Coefficient
measures inequality, a way of comparaing how the distribution of income in 1 society compares with a similar society where everyone earns the same amount
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Gender Inequality Index (GII)
measured by reproductive health, empowerment and economic status. Encourages public policy to overcome systematic disadvantages for women
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Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
Health, Wealth and education. Can be deconstructed by region, ethnicity & other groupings
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The number of doctors per person
ratio of how many doctors to people per 1000
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Birth Rate
the number of births per 1000 per year
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Life expetancy
The average number of years a person is expected to live
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Infant mortality rate
The number of deaths of Infants under the age of 1 per 1000 per year
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Adult Literacy Rate
% of people who are 15+ who can read and write
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Absolute poverty
severe deprivation of basic human needs
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relative poverty
the standard of living which is defined in terms of society in which an individual lives
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social exclusion
the lack/denial of resources, rights or goods and services and an inability to participate in normal activities and relationships
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Deprivation
standard of living below that of the majority
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Inequality
an unfair situation in society when some people have more opportunities and others
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

an indication of standard of living with a focus on healthcare, water and food

Back

Human Poverty Index

Card 3

Front

measure of average income per person

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Widening difference in levels of development between the world's richest and poorest countries

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

measures inequality, a way of comparaing how the distribution of income in 1 society compares with a similar society where everyone earns the same amount

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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