Post – telegraphic

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Remaining function words are
acquired and used approximately
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How many clauses appear?
More than 1 clauses appears
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List some Coordinating conjunctions
(an, but, for, nor, or, so, yet)
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What is an Inflectional affixes?
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‘I was running’ – ‘ing’ is an example of
the past/can be past or present (progressevie)
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At 5 years what can happen?
many of basic grammatical rules have been learned through some e.g. the passive have yet to be mastered.
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Later than 5, the child can....
Manipulate more accurately, such as use of the passive (the car was followed by the lorry)
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They can use....
longer noun phrases (the two big red busses)
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They can combine....
clauses using coordinating and sub – coordinating conjunctions (because, although)
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What does HMLU stand for and what does it mean?
High Mean Length Utterances – calculated by dividing the number of morphemes by the total number of utterances to the average length
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A higher MLU is taken for what?
It is taken to indicate a higher level of language proficiency
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How many types of morphemes are there?
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Free morpheme:
This kind of morpheme can stand alone as an independent word e.g. ball
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Bond morpheme:
this kinds of morpheme cannot stand on its own as an independent word but must be attached to another morpheme/word e.g. affixes such as ‘s’ in phrases. Comparatives, adjectives, inflections ‘er’
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Theorist: Roger Brown 1973 Found out what?
That morphemes were acquired in a particular order.
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Present tense progressive – ing. Prepositions – in, on. Plural – s. Past tense irregular – run, ran. Possessives – ‘s. Uncontractable Copula – was. Article - the, a. Past tense irregular - ed. Third person regular - runs.
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Order continued...
Unconstructable auxiliary verb - they were running. Constructible Coupla - she's (tired. Constructible auxiliary verb - She's running.
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As we go down the list...
The language gets more complex as they go down the list.
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Theorist: Piaget. Believed that....
that children can’t be taught things before they are ready. Child can only use present morpheme when ready
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Theorist: Piaget and the Cognitive Theorist
Useful to apply Browns findings as the increasing complexity of the morphemes acquired suggest a link between cognitive development and language acquisition.
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Questions Order.
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What’ will come first? Why?
the children will want to know what ‘it’ is
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1. Two word stage
questions rely on the rising intonation only
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2. Second year question words acquired first
first ‘what’, ‘where,’ ‘then,’ ‘why,’ ‘when’
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3. Third year:
: begin to use auxiliary verbs and inversion ‘where Daddy gone?’ becomes ‘where has daddy gone?’
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Recap of Virtuous errors. When does it happen?
Happens between 2½ - 5 years: grammatical errors show an awareness of rules.
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What won't a child know?
A child won’t know that they can use these rules this way
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They are not conscious that they have acquired them and so....
wouldn’t be able to explain them: NO METALINGUISTIC AWARENESS
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Theorist: Chomsky and Overgeneralisations
children can produce language they have never heard an adult say e.g. ‘goed’ (Went) this shows that the child has worked out the syntactical rule . Never would an adult say ‘I goed to bed’
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Theorist: Jean Burko 1958 and Overgeneralisations
Gave a child a picture of an imaginary creature ‘wug’ and asked them what name they would give to more than one ‘wug’ what could it be called? ¾ of 3 and 5 year olds surveyed formed correctly the regular plurals ‘wugs’ linked with Chomsky.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


How many clauses appear?


More than 1 clauses appears

Card 3


List some Coordinating conjunctions


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What is an Inflectional affixes?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


‘I was running’ – ‘ing’ is an example of


Preview of the front of card 5
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