Post WW2 Stuff - Politics and Social change

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What mistakes can be attributed to Churchill during WW2
Norway; Greece; obsession with Mediterranean delaying launching our second front in france. Made Britain dependent on USA.
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What were Churchill's greatest successes as Prime Minister during the Second World War?
Rhetoric ensured high morale, guaranteed close relationship with USA, championed bombing which was eventually successful, delayed D day until ready
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Why did Churchill want a coalition Government?
Needed support from each party; government would be stronger
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What were the aims of the Labour Party in joining the coalition?
Wanted a lead role in reconstructing Britain; opportunistic
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What was Beveridge Report?
Report suggested change in social insurance: everyone to receive 'cradle to grave' insurance for paying a flat rate
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Why was the reaction to the Beveridge report so significant?
Beveridge suggested it had already determined the post-war election
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When was the Beveridge Report published?
1942
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Was there a wartime consensus between left and right?
Agreement on most issues; divide most evident on social issues; marriage of convenience?
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Why was mobilisation slow under Chamberlain?
Didn't want to disrupt the economy and people's lives; believed economic blockade would win war
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Who did Churchill appoint as Minster of Labour? Why was this significant?
Bevin; he was a trade unionist, therefore brought unions into negotiations regarding longer working hours, etc.
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Which act was passed in 1940?
Emergency Powers Act; individuals had to register and then could be directed into work
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Which economist was brought into the Treasury during the war?
Maynard Keynes
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What methods did he advocate to avoid inflation?
Increased taxation; forced savings; extended rationing
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Name 3 things historians blame low productivity on?
Shortage of skilled labour; disruption of air raids; shortage of raw materials; lack of capital investment; poor management (no enterprise); poor labour-employer relations
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List 3 methods that enabled Britain to pay for the war?
Running down gold reserves; selling overseas assets; Lend-Lease; Canadian aid
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By 1945, how many people had served in the armed forces?
4.2 million males; 400,000 females
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By 1945, how many people had been evacuated from the city to the countryside?
4 million
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During the war, which crime rates rose?
Looting and black market
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What percentage of increase was there in passenger traffic in the railway system?
70%
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When was the Ministry of Information set up? Why?
1939 - to sustain civilian morale
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Was morale affected by ww2?
No - people loathed Hitler. There was little defeatism, even during the blitz
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Name 3 methods used by the Government to try and boost morale?
Entertainment; refused to ration cigarettes/alcohol, cinema/radio
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What was Alien internment?
German and Austrian people living in England considered to be a threat were interned in camps
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Which newspaper was suppressed during WW2, accused of undermining morale?
Communist Daily Worker
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When was compulsory recruitment of women into service, civil defence or munitions factories introduced?
National Services Act, 1941
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Name 3 positive impacts of the war on women?
Success of integrating women in 'male' sectors (engineering etc), many women worked after ww2, more social freedom without their husbands lead to raised status in marriage
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Name 3 Negative impacts of the War on women?
Trade unions, Government and employers blocked equal pay. % of women in work decreased to 1930 levels by 1950. Domestic work still seen as female spheres.
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Name 3 industries that were nationalised by Labour?
Inland Transport (1948), Electricity 1948, Iron and Steel 1949.
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By what percentage did potatoes output increase over the war
92%
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Card 2

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What were Churchill's greatest successes as Prime Minister during the Second World War?

Back

Rhetoric ensured high morale, guaranteed close relationship with USA, championed bombing which was eventually successful, delayed D day until ready

Card 3

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Why did Churchill want a coalition Government?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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What were the aims of the Labour Party in joining the coalition?

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Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What was Beveridge Report?

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