Position of Black Americans in 1945

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What happened in 1861-1865?
The American Civil War was from 1861 to 1865. This resulted in the abolishment of slavery and the Constitutional Amendments being made, to protect Black Americans.
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What were the Constitutional Amendments?
Fourteenth Amendment: equal citizenship rights to African Americans. Fifteenth Amendment: voting rights to all. However, Af Ams were still not free. De jure segregation in the South began with the 1890's Jim Crow Laws.
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What was Plessy v. Ferguson?
Ferguson went to Supreme Court saying that Jim Crow Laws were against 14th Amendment. Court ruled they kept people "seperate but equal".
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Prior to WW2 what was life like for Af Ams in the North?
Segregation was rare, greater access to higher paid jobs, could vote, had unions but earnt 50% less, on average, than White Americans and mostly lived in ghettos.
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Prior to WW2 what was life like for Af Ams in the South?
De jure segregation was widespread, Grandfather clauses & literacy tests prevented Af Ams from voting and the KKK & other white supremisist groups terrorised.
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What happened during World War Two?
Af Ams began to wear adopt the Double V sign, symbolising they were fighting against racism in both Nazi Germany and their own country. Many soldiers in Britain and 500,000 migrated North - got used to integration. Expected better treatment.
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What was the Impact of the Second World War in the North?
Migration gave Af Ams significant voting power, as they were a rising part of the population. In 1943-1945 two black Congressmen were elected in the North.
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What was the Impact of the Second World War in the South?
In 1945 voter registration campaigns began = 2% voting in 1940 to 15% voting in 1945. Unemployment dropped from 900,000 in 1940 to 150,000 in 1945.
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Card 2

Front

What were the Constitutional Amendments?

Back

Fourteenth Amendment: equal citizenship rights to African Americans. Fifteenth Amendment: voting rights to all. However, Af Ams were still not free. De jure segregation in the South began with the 1890's Jim Crow Laws.

Card 3

Front

What was Plessy v. Ferguson?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Prior to WW2 what was life like for Af Ams in the North?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Prior to WW2 what was life like for Af Ams in the South?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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