Population Indicators and the DTM

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  • Created by: Becca96
  • Created on: 22-04-14 21:12
Define 'birth rate'.
The number of live births per 1000 people per year.
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Define 'death rate'.
The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.
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Define 'fertility rate'.
The average number of children a woman will have between the ages of 15 and 44 (reproductive years).
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Define 'infant mortality rate'.
The number of children (per 1000 live births) who die before they are one year old.
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Define 'life expectancy'.
The average age (in years) a person can expect to live.
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Define 'migration rate'.
The difference between the number of people who immigrate and the number of people who emigrate per 100,000 people (or per 1000 people) per year.
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Define 'population density'.
The number of people per km squared; the total population divided by the area they exist in.
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Define 'natural change' and explain the circumstances in which 'natural increase' and 'natural decrease' occur.
The change in population (either increase or decrease) due to the difference between the birth rate and death rate. If birth rate exceeds death rate, natural increase occurs. If death rate exceeds birth rate, natural decrease occurs.
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What does the 'natural change' indicator NOT take into account?
Migration.
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Give the proper name of Stage 1 of the DTM, and describe and explain the birth rate, death rate and total population in this stage.
High fluctuating. Birth rate high - no birth control or family planning, poor education. High infant mortality rates - people have large families to compensate. High death rate - poor healthcare, sanitation, diet. Low life expectancy.
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Give the expected birth rate and death rate figures for Stage 1 of the DTM, and suggest an example of a region currently in this stage.
Birth rate = 35/1000 Death rate = 35/1000 Example: Amazonian tribes
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Give the proper name of Stage 2 of the DTM, and describe and explain the birth rate, death rate and total population in this stage.
Early expanding. Birth rate remains high - family planning, birth control and education poor. Rural economy - have children for work. Attitudes yet to adapt to lower infant mortality. Death rate falls rapidly-better healthcare, sanitation, diet
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Give the expected birth rate and death rate figures for Stage 2 of the DTM, and suggest an example of a region currently in this stage.
Birth rate = 35/1000 Death rate = 15/1000 Example: Nepal, Afghanistan
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Give the proper name of Stage 3 of the DTM, and describe and explain the birth rate, death rate and total population in this stage.
Late expanding. Birth rate falls rapidly - better provision of birth control etc. Economy industrialises - less need for children to work on farms. More women pursue careers. Some governments introduce population policies. Death rate remains low.
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Give the expected birth rate and death rate figures for Stage 3 of the DTM, and suggest an example of a region currently in this stage.
Birth rate = 13/1000 Death rate = 10/1000 Example: Egypt
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Give the proper name of Stage 4 of the DTM, and describe and explain the birth rate, death rate and total population in this stage.
Low fluctuating. Birth rate low - increased demand for luxuries (e.g. holidays) means less money to raise children on - are consumers (not producers) in industrialised economy. Many women have careers - less children later. Death rate remains low.
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Give the expected birth rate and death rate figures for Stage 4 of the DTM, and suggest an example of a region currently in this stage.
Birth rate = 10/1000 Death rate = 10/1000 Example: Most of Europe (inc. UK), USA
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Give the proper name of Stage 5 of the DTM, and describe and explain the birth rate, death rate and total population in this stage.
Ageing/decline. Birth rate decreases slightly - children expensive to raise, many have elderly dependents to care for so choose not to have children. Death rate steady, due to ageing population (more deaths due to old age).
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Suggest an example of a region currently in Stage 5 of the DTM.
Germany, Japan
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define 'death rate'.

Back

The number of deaths per 1000 people per year.

Card 3

Front

Define 'fertility rate'.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define 'infant mortality rate'.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define 'life expectancy'.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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