Population Change Key Words

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  • Created by: faholly21
  • Created on: 30-05-15 21:37
Zero Growth
Population in balance. Birth rate is equal to death rate.
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Natural Decrease (ND)
Death rate is greater than the birth rate
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Exponential Growth
Pattern where the growth rate constantly increases (J-curve)
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Birth Rate (BR)
Number of babies born per 1,000 people per year
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Death Rate (DR)
Number of deaths per 1,000 people per year
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Natural Change
Difference between birth rate and death rate, given as %
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Natural Increase (NI)
Birth rate is greater than the death rate.
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Life expectancy
Number of years a person is expected to live, usually taken from birth.
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Asian tiger
One of the four east Asian countries of Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea where manufacturing industry grew rapidly between 1960s-90s
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Demographic Transition Model
A theoretical model that shows changes in population info, over a period of time.
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Replacement rate
Birth rate high enough for a generation to be the same size as the one before it.
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Urbanisation
Growth in the proportion of people living in towns and cities.
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Rural-to-urban migration
moving from a rural area to settle in a town or a city
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Age structure
Proportions of each age group in a population. Links closely to the stage country has reached in the DTM model
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Gender structure
Balance between males and females in a population.
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Infant mortality
Number of babies that die under a year of age, per 1,000 births.
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Child mortality
Number of children that dies under five years of age, per 1,000 live births
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Transmigration
Population policy that aims to move people from densely populated areas to less populated areas and provide them with opportunities to increase their quality of life.
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EU
a group of countries across Europe that work towards a single market. Trade as if they were one country.
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Dependency Ratio
Balance between people who are independent and those who depend on them. Ideally fewer dependents to each independent so the country is economically better.
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Push-pull factors
Push factors are negative factors that encourage people to migrate from. Pull factor are positive factors which encourage people to move there
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Migration
movement of people from one permanent home to another with the intention of staying at least a year. Maybe within or between countries
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Host country
Country where the migrant settles
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Country of origin
Country from which migration starts
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Immigrant
Someone entering the country with the intention of living there.
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Emigrant
someone leaving their country of residence to move to another country
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Asylum Seekers
people who believe their lives are at risk if they remain in their home country and who seek to settle in another country
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Economic Migrant
Someone trying to improve their standard of living, who move voulantarily.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Death rate is greater than the birth rate

Back

Natural Decrease (ND)

Card 3

Front

Pattern where the growth rate constantly increases (J-curve)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Number of babies born per 1,000 people per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Number of deaths per 1,000 people per year

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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